Can The Drinking Problem Index Provide Valuable Therapeutic Information For Recovering Alcoholic Adults?

Title

Can The Drinking Problem Index Provide Valuable Therapeutic Information For Recovering Alcoholic Adults?

Creator

Kopera-Frye K; Wiscott R; Sterns H L

Publisher

Aging & Mental Health

Date

1999
1999-08

Description

This study investigated the use of the Drinking Problems Index (DPI; Finney et al., 1991) with middle-aged and older adults in treatment for alcohol abuse. Created to screen for middle-aged and older problem drinkers in the community, the DPI is a 17-item inventory assessing the frequency of alcohol-related problems. Our interest was to explore a new purpose for this tool: that of identifying adverse consequences from drinking which can be targeted in treatment planning for this group. Seventy-one participants with a primary diagnosis of alcohol dependence were individually administered the DPI along with additional measures of psychosocial functioning. As predicted, our recovering alcoholic adults did endorse a similar pattern of adverse consequences as compared to the normative group, but at notably higher frequencies. Further, the older adult sub-group endorsed fewer total items on the DPI relative to our middle-aged sub-group, with a differential pattern of frequent items evident. Significant relationships were observed between the DPI and age, education, psychological distress, history of prior drug use and number of prior treatments for alcohol use. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed age, psychological distress and time in treatment significantly accounted for 51% of the variance in DPI scores, with emotional distress and younger age contributing sizeable unique variance over and above the other examined predictors. The findings suggest that the DPI may be useful not only in classifying older problem drinkers, but also as a means to suggest possible avenues for individualized therapeutic interventions.

Subject

age; early-onset; elderly people; epidemiology; Geriatrics & Gerontology; men; nonproblem; older persons; prevalence; problem drinkers; psychiatric-disorders; Psychiatry

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

246-256

Issue

3

Volume

3

Citation

Kopera-Frye K; Wiscott R; Sterns H L, “Can The Drinking Problem Index Provide Valuable Therapeutic Information For Recovering Alcoholic Adults?,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 25, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10543.

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