Browse Items (2528 total)

Background: Rates of mass casualty incidents (MCIs) have been on the rise in the United States, highlighting the need for health care systems to have an emergency response plan. Trauma centers are fundamental during MCIs and serve a crucial…

Lacking fur, living in eusocial colonies and having the longest lifespan of any rodent, makes naked mole‐rats (NMRs) rather peculiar mammals. Although they exhibit a high degree of polymorphism, skeletal plasticity and are considered a novel model to…

As the COVID-19 pandemic continues to progress, the medical community is rapidly trying to identify complications and patterns of disease to improve patient outcomes. In a recent systematic review, it has been reported that isolated cases of…

Introduction Mass casualty incidents (MCI) are low-frequency, high-risk events that disrupt the day-to-day operations of medical centers. Day-to-day protocols are insufficient for effectively managing MCI events, creating a need to develop and test…

BackgroundEmergency physicians must maintain procedural skills, but clinical opportunities may be insufficient. We sought to determine how often practicing emergency physicians in academic, community and freestanding emergency departments (EDs)…

Background: Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a widely employed renal replacement modality. A prospective study was conducted to determine the short-term and midterm outcomes and complication rates associated with a standardized optimal laparoscopic…

Spontaneous renal hemorrhage is an uncommon entity with potentially serious consequences. We present a 68-year-old female with a three-day history of progressively worsening left-sided flank pain due to spontaneous left renal hemorrhage without a…

Myocarditis following mRNA COVID-19 vaccination has recently been reported to health authorities in the United States and other countries. Cases predominately occur in young adult males within four days following the second dose of either the…

Neural hyperactivity induced by sound exposure often correlates with the development of hyperacusis and/or tinnitus. In laboratory animals, hyperactivity is typically induced by unilateral sound exposure to preserve one ear for further testing of …

Acetylcholine (ACh) is a neuromodulator that has been implicated in multiple roles across the brain, including the central auditory system, where it sets neuronal excitability and gain and affects plasticity. In the cerebral cortex, subtypes of …

Background: Supplemental screening breast ultrasound (US) detects additional cancers in women with dense breasts but identifies many BI-RADS 3 lesions that result in short-term follow-ups and biopsies. Objective: To evaluate outcomes in patients …

Ultrasonic vocalizations (USVs) are known to reflect emotional processing, brain neurochemistry, and brain function. Collecting and processing USV data is manual, time-intensive, and costly, creating a significant bottleneck by limiting …

BACKGROUND: Very little research has been reported examining nonpharmacologic symptom management strategies for very young, hospitalized children receiving palliative care, and none has involved Reiki-a light touch therapy. OBJECTIVES: To determine…

Introduction: Pediatric palliative care (PPC) benefits patients and families, while potentially creating emotional and resource-management burdens for providers. This study's purpose was to characterize the occurrence of deaths attended by PPC …

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a neoplastic clonal proliferation of plasma cells in the bone marrow microenvironment, characterized by overproduction of heavy- and light-chain monoclonal proteins (M-protein). These proteins are mainly found in the serum…

Since the late 1950s transport of bile in the liver has been described by the 'osmotic concept', according to which bile flows into the canaliculi towards the ducts, countercurrent to the blood flow in the sinusoids. However, because of the small…

Renal toxicity has been described with tramadol overdoses; however, it is typically associated with rhabdomyolysis, multiorgan failure and/or mortality. Our patient was a 16-year-old female who was evaluated following an intentional tramadol…

Introduction As part of an institutional review board-approved quality improvement project reviewing 10 years of experience (2009-2018) with Pseudomonas aeruginosa bacteremia (PAB) at our institution, we identified 15 patients with recurrent…

The presentation of an infectious disease in a child is likely to differ from an adult and will differ at different ages of the child. In addition to differences in immune response, there are significant differences in anatomy, physiology,…

Primary squamous cell carcinoma of the thyroid (PSCCT) is a rare and aggressive neoplasm that accounts for less than 1% of all thyroid malignancies. Its incidence is higher in females in their fifth and sixth decades of life. The pathophysiology of…

Attending to clients' psychological needs during career counseling merits more attention in career theory and practice. We describe how the elaboration of clients' needs during career construction counseling supports clients' problem formulation.…

Antibiotic resistance (AR) necessitates the discovery of new antimicrobials with alternative mechanisms of action to those employed by conventional antibiotics. One such strategy utilizes Ga(3+) to target iron metabolism, a critical process for …

Metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs) are zinc containing carbapenemases that inactivate a broad range of β-lactam antibiotics. There is a lack of β-lactamase inhibitors for restoring existing β-lactam antibiotics arsenals against common bacterial …

Individuals recently released from jail or prison with serious mental illnesses may be vulnerable to the coronavirus pandemic. This study aims to understand how they experienced the pandemic during initial stay-at-home orders in New York City. …

Patients with certain dermatologic skin diseases have been found to be at increased risk for depression and suicidal ideation. As there is not much information available on mental health interventions taken in dermatologic practices, we conducted a…

Lung transplantation has become an established therapy for end-stage lung diseases. Early postoperative complications can impact immediate, mid-term, and long-term outcomes. Appropriate management, prevention, and early detection of these early …
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