Browse Items (72 total)

Purpose: Recently, the American College of Graduate Medical Education included medical decision-making as a core competency in several specialties. To date, the ability to demonstrate and measure a pedagogical evolution of medical judgment in a…

Readiness for making educational and vocational choices plays a crucial role in career decision-making (Super, 1955). The present study examined (a) personality and role correlates of career choice readiness and (b) rates of change in career choice…

The present study tested the hypothesis that medical specialties classified as technique oriented or patient oriented would be distinguished by RIASEC code, with technique-oriented specialists resembling Investigative-Realistic types and…

The present study investigated a conceptual framework for relating medical specialty choice to personality. The model was tested by examining personality differences among general surgeons, anesthesiologists, and family practice physicians. The 16…

Background: Medical students' values represent an understudied area of research in medical education research. No known studies have investigated how medical students' values change over time from matriculation to graduation. Aim: Values are thought…

This study investigated differences in personality patterns between person-oriented and technique-oriented physicians. It tested an integrative framework by converting the scores on the Personality Research Form (PRF) to the Big-Five factors and…

THE EDUCATIONAL ROLE OF health sciences librarians in both academic centers and in hospitals is expanding due to influences of new educational models and growing use of technology. Innovative health sciences curricula are being applied in…

Career development theory postulates that a client's career choice readiness influences the experience of an interest inventory. This study examined career choice readiness as it related to satisfaction with, retention of, and use of a videotaped…

Research rarely considers the combined influence of personality traits and values in predicting behavioral outcomes. We aimed to advance a germinal line of inquiry that addresses this gap by separately and simultaneously examining personality traits…

First published over 15 years ago, the Career Development Inventory (CDI; Super, Thompson, Lindeman, Jordaan, & Myers, 1979) measures readiness for making educational and vocational choices and operationally defines Super's structural model of…

The current study applied Holland's RIASEC typology to develop a Physician Skills Inventory. We identified the transferable skills and abilities that are critical to effective performance in medicine and had 140 physicians in 25 different specialties…

This study asserts a theoretical model of academic and work socialization within the family setting. The presumed associations between parents' work valences, children's work valences and valence perceptions, and children's academic interest and…

Social cognitive career theory and research are advanced by increasing attention to career outcome expectations and by applying this theory earlier in the life span. This article offers the career exploratory outcome expectations construct as a means…

The present study examined the career construction theory (CCT) model of adaptation using a sample of working adults diagnosed with Chiari malformation. Specifically, we tested a mediation model in which adaptivity (i.e., proactivity, openness, and…

Accreditation standards set forth by the American Society of Health‐System Pharmacists note that postgraduate year one programs should have a formal process in place to screen candidates based upon predetermined criteria to ensure applicants have the…

Assessments of clinical skills of medical students rely increasingly on standardized patients demonstrating medical cases with faculty rating performance. The common finding of inconsistency of scores across cases is often referred to as case…

INTRODUCTION: Upon designing and implementing a literature course on family values for Year 4 medical students, we found that while the supposed benefits of literary inquiry were to lead students to a deeper understanding of difficult issues such as…

Background: The literature consistently reports that sexual harassment occurs with regularity in medical education, mostly in clinical settings, and most of it goes unreported. Reasons for nonreporting include the fear of retaliation, a reluctance to…

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of 2 noise reduction techniques on the auditory brainstem response (ABR). METHOD: ABRs of 20 normal hearing adults were recorded during quiet and active behavioral conditions using 2 stimulus intensity levels. Wave V…

The purpose of this study is to describe the evaluation of a sexual history-taking curriculum and correlates of student performance during a Clinical Skills Assessment. Reading assignments, small group discussions, a Saturday Sex workshop and…

The use of simulation and standardized patients in medical education is firmly established. In this 'point-counterpoint' format we debate not their important function but the extent to which they are used to establish 'evidence' for trainees'…

The article discusses the feasibility of developing focused education for pharmacy students on the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists Practice Advancement Initiative (PAI). The article gives examples of PAI activities in which students can…

CONTEXT: Negative role modeling is a plague medical educators fight once students enter the clinical arena. The literature is replete on the fact that students routinely encounter faculty who display attitudes and behaviors inconsistent with the…

Medical schools have been slow to include meaningful end-of-life (EOL) educational experiences in their curricula. As an area of inquiry and focused clinical experience, death is "conspicuous" by its absence, reflecting a medical culture that defines…

Primary care physicians often see patients with dermatologic complaints, but do not perform as well as dermatologists in the diagnoses of common dermatologic conditions. This article describes a dermatology curriculum that aims to close the clinical…

Data from the 2004 National Physician Survey were used to determine when current Canadian radiologists made their decision to pursue a radiology career and to determine which factors were most influential in their decision. Most respondents reported…

BACKGROUND: Online quiz competitions can facilitate extra-classroom interactions between faculty and medical students. Owing to decreased class attendance nationwide, teaching faculty might revamp their approach to medical education by providing…

Objective. To compare new practitioners in 2009 and 2014 by modeling net income from available salary, expenditure, and student loan data. Methods. A Monte Carlo simulation with probabilistic sensitivity analysis was conducted to model net income for…

OBJECTIVE: To conduct a simulated medication regimen with second-year pharmacy students to determine their anticipated versus actual difficulty in adhering to it. METHODS: Second-year pharmacy students were given 6 fictitious medications (jellybeans)…

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