Browse Items (267 total)

The ability to detect a silent gap within a sound is critical for accurate speech perception, and gap detection has been shown to have an extended developmental trajectory. In certain conditions, the detectability of the gap decreases as the gap is…

Food oral processing includes all muscle activities, jaw movements, and tongue movements that contribute to preparing food for swallowing. Simultaneously, during the transformation of food structure to a bolus, a cognitive representation of food…

Post-influenza bacterial pneumonia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality associated with both seasonal and pandemic influenza virus illness. However, despite much interest in influenza and its complications in recent years, good clinical trial…

Heterologous expression using baculovirus vectors has become a popular method for the production of catalytically active cytochrome P450s (CYPs). We have systematically optimized the multiplicity of infection (MOI) for a coinfection approach for the…

The Ligand Epitope Antigen Presentation System ( L. E. A. P. S. TM) approach to vaccine development utilizes immune peptides to promote the immunogenicity and influence the type of immune response generated towards epitopes in peptides which may be…

Study Design, Caudal vertebrae were obtained from male and female mice from two transgenic lines expressing an erythroid-specific human growth hormone-transgene construct, and gender-matched, age-matched, nontransgenic control mice. Objective. To…

Human placental protein 14 (PP14; also known as glycodelin and progesterone-associatcd endometrial protein) is an immuno-suppressive protein of the lipocalin structural superfamily. Mechanisms regulating serum PP14's inmunosuppressive activity remain…

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and educational experience provided to the pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows in procedural sedation/analgesia during their course of training. METHODS: A nonanonymous survey…

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of non-fatal recreational injuries among older adults treated in United States emergency departments including national estimates of the number of injuries, types of recreational activities, and diagnoses.…

OBJECTIVE: To assess compliance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) screening-based protocol for obstetric group B Streptococcus (GBS) and to determine an acceptable threshold for protocol failure. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective…

Twenty-eight years after the United State Supreme Court issued its landmark Roe v. Wade, the struggle continues to ensure that all women have the full range of reproductive choices, including abortion. While the struggle can be addressed through its…

In the U.S., modifications in family structure and in attitudes concerning marriage and family life have been numerous. Areas such as sexual behavior and alternative living arrangements have become highly varied and nontraditional compared to past…

Arnold Relman argues that medical education does not prepare students and residents to practice their profession in today's corporate health care system. Corporate health care administrators agree: Physicians enter the workforce unskilled in contract…

OBJECTIVE: To compare elder patients' and their informants' ratings of the elder's physical and mental function measured by a standard instrument, the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 12 (SF-12). METHODS: This was a randomized, cross-sectional study…

OBJECTIVES: To assess the specificity of dactylitis for the diagnosis of spondyloarthropathy, sarcoidosis, and gout; and to characterize dactylitis specifically associated with gout. METHODS: Dactylitis was prospectively assessed among all…

BACKGROUND: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in trauma patients. Cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) directed ICU management is recommended for patients with severe TBI. It, however, requires an invasive device…

Objective: To examine the rate of utilization of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in Amish women, a population that traditionally uses non-mainstream medicine. Methods & Results: Sixty-six Amish women completed a survey concerning their…

PURPOSE: To examine parental perceptions and behaviors with regard to teen smoking, comparing African-American and white parents, and those who did and did not smoke. METHODS: Focus groups consisting of African-American and white parents who smoked…

INTRODUCTION: Upon designing and implementing a literature course on family values for Year 4 medical students, we found that while the supposed benefits of literary inquiry were to lead students to a deeper understanding of difficult issues such as…

Healthcare professionals must make breast cancer screening decisions without the help of clear answers in current medical knowledge. This study used computer simulation to evaluate two screening protocols. The American Cancer Society (ACS) protocol…

Background: The literature consistently reports that sexual harassment occurs with regularity in medical education, mostly in clinical settings, and most of it goes unreported. Reasons for nonreporting include the fear of retaliation, a reluctance to…

Objective: The outcomes of 61 patients who underwent a pharyngoplasty for velopharyngeal insufficiency were reviewed to determine potential risk factors for reoperation.Design: This was a retrospective chart review of 61 consecutive patients over…

This trial was conducted at 11 EDs to test the effectiveness of distributing fall prevention information to patients 65 years or older. Intervention patients were given 2 brochures and received a reminder call 2 weeks later. All patients were called…

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