Browse Items (62 total)

This paper reports mathematically derived residual risks of being a carrier or being affected with cystic fibrosis following various screening scenarios to assist in interpreting test results and advising patients. While parental screening with 23…

When an infant or child younger than 36 months presents with fever that has no obvious source, the major concern is overlooking a serious bacterial infection. Ask about underlying medical problems, previous hospitalizations, recent infectious…

This is a case of a 3-week-old male who presented to the emergency department with intermittent apnea and cyanosis. While in the emergency department, he had respiratory compromise with stress and required intubation. Further evaluation confirmed the…

The in vitro rodent visual cortical slice preparation demonstrates a critical period for long-term potentiation (LTP). Current source density (CSD) analysis reveals peak potentiation of both supra-(layers II-III) and infragranular (layers V) layers…

Cytomegalovirus is ubiquitous. While most infections are asymptomatic, infants and children acquiring CMV may excrete the virus for years in spite of significant antibody responses. CMV may be transmitted vertically or horizontally. Transplacental…

Because experience in our newborn intensive care unit follow-up clinic since 1982 suggested that immunizations of newborn intensive care unit graduates in the first 2 years of life were inappropriately delayed, questionnaires were sent to families…

Adult mice are highly vocal animals, with both males and females vocalizing in same sex and cross sex social encounters. Mouse pups are also highly vocal, producing isolation vocalizations when they are cold or removed from the nest. This study…

BACKGROUND: Our genomewide studies support targeted testing the most frequent genetic diseases by patient category: (1) pregnant patients, (2) at-risk conceptuses, (3) affected children, and (4) abnormal adults. This approach not only identifies most…

Failure to attend the first newborn health supervision visit is an important problem for the Continuity Care Clinic of Children's Hospital Medical Center of Akron, Ohio. The goal of this study was to use objective data from the neonatal record to…

A noninvasive temporal artery thermometer that uses arterial heat balance technology has been compared to rectal and ear thermometry and is available in the marketplace. This study was undertaken to establish mean temperatures and temperatures 2…

BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis is an uncommon complication after shunting procedures for congenital hydrocephalus. We report a case of a child with myelomeningocele and normocephaly at the time of birth. She underwent ventricular shunting for Chiari…

This is a case of a 3-week-old male who presented to the emergency department with intermittent apnea and cyanosis. While in the emergency department, he had respiratory compromise with stress and required intubation. Further evaluation confirmed the…

PURPOSE: We investigate the accuracy of urine volumes obtained by an automated bladder scan in complex neonatal cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Automated bladder scan determinations of urine volumes were obtained by neonatal intensive care unit nursing…

Objectives: Electronic trigger detection tools hold promise to reduce Adverse drug event (ADEs) through efficiencies of scale and real-time reporting. We hypothesized that such a tool could automatically detect medication dosing errors as well as…

To study early events of neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis and its sequelae, the authors induced a controlled infection in the brains of mice using HSVgH, a genetically modified Disabled Infective Single Cycle virus. Neonatal Balb/C…

Gene expression of osteopontin (OPN) has been investigated in mice by application of laser capture microdissection (LCM) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. LCM permits individual cells to be isolated ("captured")…

Two models of infant incubators were studied to determine the strength of the magnetic field generated by the heater and fan motors. Measurements were taken at intervals along the center line of the incubator. The results show that fields greater…

Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are the most common, and potentially most severe, of infections treated by health care practitioners. Lower RTIs along with influenza, are the most common cause of death by infection in the United States. Risk…

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