Browse Items (41 total)

Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) due to urinary stone disease (USD) is rare in adults; AKI rates in children with USD may be higher, and emerging data links stones to chronic kidney disease (CKD) development in adults. Methods: This study is a …

Solid organ transplantation in children and adolescents provides many benefits through improving critical organ function, including better growth, development, cardiovascular status, and quality of life. Unfortunately, bone status may be adversely…

BACKGROUND: Vestibular schwannomas (VS) are nonmalignant tumors of the eighth cranial nerve and are the most common nonmalignant nerve sheath tumor. This study provides the most comprehensive and current analysis of VS epidemiology in the United…

OBJECTIVE: To describe the impact of a national interventional collaborative on pediatric readiness within General Emergency Departments. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, multicenter, interventional study measured pediatric readiness in general…

Electrodiagnostic testing, consisting of nerve conduction studies and needle electrode examination, serves as an extension of a neurologic examination for evaluating a variety of focal and generalized neuromuscular conditions. By providing …

Lymphatic anomalies (LA) are rare conditions characterized by abnormal vascularization of lymphatic vessels (lymphangiogenesis). Gorham‐Stout Disease (GSD) is an aggressive type of LA which invades cortical bone and makes it “disappear”. There is…

Medicine has a six-fold role to play in war; (1) Selection of suitable military personnel, (2) To protect against disease, (3) To give medical attention and treatment to those who are ill and injured, (4) To assist in the rehabilitation of the…

Purpose: To determine the ocular and systemic safety of using topical Lambda-Cyhalothrin (LCL) in a canine model of infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS). The rationale for this proposal is based on a case study of a patient whose INS improved after…

Background Cancer diagnoses pose challenges to adolescents' and young adults' (AYA) physical, mental, and emotional health, and developmental tasks. In order for AYAs, caregivers, clinicians, and other collaborators to optimize health outcomes…

Urinary stone disease (USD) is affecting a greater number of children and low bone mineral density (BMD) and increased skeletal fractures have been demonstrated in stone patients; however, the mechanism(s) driving bone disease remain unclear. This…

Radiopaque densities can be observed on imaging after the ingestion of either foreign bodies or some medications. Our case report discusses an 11-year-old boy with autism spectrum disorder and attention deficient disorder who presented to the…

Ugh. I am ashamed to say that is the first word that comes to my mind when I see Jake’s name on my schedule for the day. He is 10 and he has been my patient since he was born. He has an 8-year-old sister Annie and a 5-year-old brother Jimmy. They…

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics and risk factors of a novel parenchymal lung disease (LD), increasingly detected in systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA). METHODS: In a multicentre retrospective study, 61 cases were investigated…

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Susac syndrome is a rare, immune-mediated disease characterized by encephalopathy, branch retinal artery occlusion, and hearing loss. Herein, we describe the electron microscopic findings of three brain biopsies and two brain autopsies performed on…

BACKGROUND. Nonpharmacologic interventions, such as distraction, have been shown to be powerful adjuncts in reducing pain and anxiety in children with both acute and chronic painful conditions. There are no controlled studies evaluating these…

The present study tested the hypothesis that acute posttraumatic hyperarousal would lead to the development of emotional numbing (EN) symptoms in a pediatric injury population. Eighty-two youths aged 8–18 years were recruited from the emergency…

Background: The present study investigated the extent to which heart rate (HR) levels soon after a traumatic event predicted posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity assessed 6 weeks and 6 months later in child trauma victims. Methods:…

Objective To longitudinally examine the impact of maternal posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSS) on child adjustment following a child's traumatic injury, focusing on child gender differences. Methods Forty-one child traumatic injury victims…

Objective To examine how parental responses following pediatric injury may influence their child's posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Methods Heart rate (HR) from 82 pediatric injury patients was measured during emergency medical services (EMSs)…

This study examined the relationship between acute cortisol responses to trauma and subsequent PTSD symptoms (PTSS) in children and their biological mothers. Urinary cortisol levels were assessed in 54 children aged 8–18 upon admission to a level-1…

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify factors that predict the presence of urolithiasis detected with unenhanced computed tomography (UCT) in children. METHODS: A retrospective study of all subjects \textless21 years of age who…

Initial research supports the use of propranolol to prevent posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD); research has not examined pharmacological prevention for children. Twenty-nine injury patients (ages 10–18 years old) at risk for PTSD were randomized…

Objective The present study prospectively examined the development of child PTSD symptoms (PTSS) and the impact of caregiver PTSS on child PTSS following injury. Methods One hundred and eighteen ED patients and their caregivers were interviewed…

Purpose: To test the hypothesis that eye muscle surgery in treatment of patients with acquired downbeat nystagmus results in improvement measures of visual and ocular motor function. Methods: This is a prospective, interventional case series analysis…

The purpose of the study was to determine the effect of ethyl vinyl chloride vapocoolant spray on pain reported by children undergoing intravenous cannulation. A randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled trial was conducted on eligible children…

This is a case of a 3-week-old male who presented to the emergency department with intermittent apnea and cyanosis. While in the emergency department, he had respiratory compromise with stress and required intubation. Further evaluation confirmed the…

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