Browse Items (41 total)

Bowhead whales are some of the largest animals that occupy the Arctic Circle. Despite the challenges of living and giving birth in icy waters, having huge blubber stores, eating a fat-rich diet, and undergoing arduous migrations, bowheads achieved…

Tracing the evolution of ancient diseases depends on the availability and accessibility of suitable biomarkers in archaeological specimens. DNA is potentially information-rich but it depends on a favourable environment for preservation. In the case…

There is increasing evidence that the herpes simplex virus may account for some gastric ulcer disease. To examine this possibility, 62 tissue biopsies from 21 patients were obtained during esophagogastroduodenoscopy for gastroduodenal ulcer disease…

Human papillomavirus, a papovavirus, is the causative agent of all warts. There are at least 63 subtypes of this virus, certain ones of which are more likely to cause warts in particular locations or to be associated with malignancies. Over the last…

We used mouse hepatic chromatin enriched with an FXR antibody and chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq) to evaluate FXR binding on a genome-wide scale. This identified 1656 FXR-binding sites and 10% were located within 2 kb of a…

CEL-1000 (derG, DGQEEKAGVVSTGLIGGG) is a small immunomodulatory peptide which delivers demonstrated protective activity in two infectious disease challenge models (HSV and malaria) and an allogenic tumor vaccine model. CEL-1000 and other activators…

Study of ancient disease (paleopathology) is a powerful tool for understanding lifestyle and population dynamics, as well as the history of disease in antiquity. The major premise of paleopathology is that diagnoses of conditions of living animals…

Six squamous cell carcinomas of the vulva (SCV) were karyotyped in short-term culture and in early passages as established cell lines. Each tumor was cytogenetically distinct, contained multiple chromosome rearrangements, and was karyotypically…

`Deficiency of alkaline and acid DNase is a hallmark in all non-necrotic cancer cells in animals and humans. These enzymes are reactivated at early stages of cancer cell death by vitamin C (acid DNase) and vitamin K-3 (alkaline DNase). Moreover, the…

In this paper, four amphiphilic cholesterol-peptide conjugates (Ch-R5H5, Ch-R3H3, Ch-R5 and Ch-R5) were designed and synthesized, and their properties in gene delivery were evaluated in vitro with an aim of developing more efficient gene delivery…

Metabolic labeling with heavy water followed by LC-MS is a high throughput approach to study proteostasis in vivo. Advances in mass spectrometry and sample processing have allowed consistent detection of thousands of proteins at multiple time points.…

A cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene containing 8 kb of the 5'-flanking region and 5 kb of the transcription region which covers exons 1 to 5 was isolated from a rat genomic library. The 2015 bp nucleotide sequence 5'-upstream from the start codon…

A clinical isolate, designated 145, of herpes simplex virus (HSV) had type 1 characteristics as determined by monoclonal antibody immunofluorescence, heat stability of viral thymidine kinase (TK), BamHI restriction endonuclease pattern, and absence…

In order to assess the presence of tuberculosis in Pleistocene bison and the origin of tuberculosis in North America, 2 separate DNA extractions were performed by 2 separate laboratories on samples from the metacarpal of an extinct long-horned bison…

Exponentially growing cultures of human bladder tumor cells (T24) were treated with Vitamin C (VC) alone, Vitamin K(3) (VK(3)) alone, or with a VC:VK(3) combination for 1, 2, or 4hr. Flow cytometry of T24 cells exposed to the vitamins for 1h revealed…

Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 DNA was found in three separate neoplastic lesions within a female patient. The physical state of the viral DNA in each lesion was determined by two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis. The primary cervical…

Differential Northern blot hybridization was used as a screening tool to identify mRNAs that respond quantitatively to the induction of ethanol dependence. Adult male rats were treated with repeated, high doses of ethanol for 4 consecutive days. This…

Human papillomavirus (HPV) type 18 DNA was found in an aggressively invasive adenocarcinoma tumor from a woman who had an intact hymen and denied any prior sexual intercourse. The viral DNA was detected within the tumor tissue by polymerase chain…

The human cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP7) spans about 11 kb of the genome and contains six exons and five introns. Nucleotide sequences of a 5'-upstream region to exon III (5535 bp), a 5'-upstream EcoRI fragment (2575 bp), and an EcoRI…

During corneal development, neural crest derivatives from the periocular mesenchyme migrate into the cornea and differentiate into corneal fibroblasts. During this time, these cells interact with a variety of extracellular matrices for proper…

In some male pigs, there is an increased production of the testicular 16 androstene steroids which end up being concentrated in fatty tissue. When the meat is cooked, a disagreeable odor/flavor is produced, a phenomenon known as "boar taint." All…
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