Browse Items (39 total)

Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) has become an established modality in various clinical indications for liver diseases. SonoVue((R)), a pure blood pure agent, and Sonazoid((R)), which exhibits an additional Kupffer phase, are contrast agents…

Rodents have at least five carboxylesterase 1 (Ces1) genes, whereas there is only one CES1 gene in humans, raising the question as to whether human CES1 and mouse Ces1 genes share the same functions. In this study, we investigate the role of human…

In primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes the level of cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase steady-state mRNA markedly decreased by 72 h. However, the addition of L-thyroxine (T4) and dexamethasone synergistically returned cholesterol…

Positron emission tomography (PET), with the use of F-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG), has been shown to be useful in the evaluation of many tumors as a result of its high sensitivity and specificity. There are instances, however, in which false-positive…

Hepatic VLDL overproduction is a characteristic feature of diabetes and an important contributor to diabetic dyslipidemia. Hepatic sortilin 1 (Sort1), a cellular trafficking receptor, is a novel regulator of plasma lipid metabolism and reduces plasma…

The gene encoding cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A), the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid synthesis, is transcriptionally regulated by bile acids and hormones. Previously, we have identified two bile acid response elements (BARE) in the…

We used mouse hepatic chromatin enriched with an FXR antibody and chromatin immunoprecipitation-sequencing (ChIP-seq) to evaluate FXR binding on a genome-wide scale. This identified 1656 FXR-binding sites and 10% were located within 2 kb of a…

Hydrophobic bile acids strongly repressed transcription of the human cholesterol 7 alpha -hydroxylase gene (CYP7A1) in the bile acid biosynthetic pathway in the Ever. Farnesoid X receptor (FXR) repressed CYP7A1/Luc reporter activity in a transfection…

Mitochondrial sterol 27-hydroxylase (CYP27Al) catalyses sterol side-chain oxidation of bile acid synthesis front cholesterol, and the first reaction of the acidic bile acid biosynthetic pathway. Hydrophobic bile acids suppress human CYP27Al gene…

A recombinant baculovirus containing the human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 cDNA was constructed and used to express CYP1A1 in Spodoptera frugiperda (SF9) insect cells (0.14+/-0.04 nmol/mg protein, 53+/-14 nmol/liter, N=30). The enzyme represented…

There is a large body of published material that supports the use of elastography, both strain and shear wave, for characterization of breast lesions. To a lesser extent, elastography can be used in the detection of breast abnormalities. This article…

The cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene (CYP7A) is transcriptionally regulated by a number of factors, including hormones, bile acids, and diurnal rhythm. Previous studies have identified a region from nucleotides (nt) -74 to -55 of the rat CYP7A…

In primary cultures of rat hepatocytes, transcription of the cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase gene is induced synergistically by glucocorticoid and thyroid hormones. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the role of glucocorticoid and…

Taurocholate, a relatively hydrophobic bile salt, is a potent down-regulator of HMG-CoA reductase and cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase (C7-alpha-H), the rate-determining enzymes of the cholesterol and bile acid biosynthetic pathways, respectively.…

Sterol 12alpha-hydroxylase (CYP8B1) is an obligatory enzyme for the synthesis of cholic acid and regulation of liver bile acid synthesis and intestine cholesterol absorption. The present study evaluates the roles for sterol regulatory element binding…

7,12-Dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA), a potent carcinogen, requires metabolic activation by cytochrome P450s (P450s) to electrophilic metabolites that result in DNA modification, mutagenicity, and carcinogenicity. In this study, we used eight human…

Thyroid hormone (T3) mediates diverse physiological functions including growth, differentiation, and energy homeostasis through the thyroid hormone receptors (TR). The TR binds DNA at specific recognition sequences in the promoter regions of their…

Mixed background SHP(-/-) mice are resistant to diet-induced obesity due to increased energy expenditure caused by enhanced PGC-1 alpha expression in brown adipocytes. However, congenic SHP(-/-) mice on the C57BL/6 background showed normal expression…

The present study examines the feedback control governing human cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA expression in the human hepatoblastoma cell line, Hep G2. Glycochenodeoxycholate (GCDC) and glycodeoxycholate, hydrophobic bile salts, decreased…

Background/Aims: The decrease in cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase induced by intraduodenal infusion of taurocholate in bile fistula vats may be indirect, i.e., mediated through release or absorption of an intestinal factor in response to the presence…

Bile acids activate a nuclear receptor, farnesoid X receptor (FXR), that induces bile salt export pump (BSEP) but inhibits cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) gene transcription in the liver. Guggulsterone, a plant sterol that lowers serum…

With the recent Food and Drug Administration approval of Lumason (sulfur hexafluoride lipid-type A microsphere, Bracco Diagnostics Inc, Monroe Township, NJ) for contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to characterize focal liver lesions in both adult and…

There are multiple factors that affect the shear wave speed in the assessment of liver stiffness. In this case report, we present a case of hemochromatosis that has elevated liver stiffness suggestive of significant fibrosis or cirrhosis; however on…

Mounting research evidence demonstrates a significant negative impact of circadian disruption on human health. Shift work, chronic jet lag and sleep disturbances are associated with increased incidence of metabolic syndrome, and consequently result…

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