Browse Items (116 total)

The inferior colliculus processes nearly all ascending auditory information. Most collicular cells respond to sound, and for a majority of these cells, the responses can be modulated by acetylcholine (ACh). The cholinergic effects are varied and, for…

Purpose: Human childbirth simulated by vaginal distention is known to increase the expression of chemokines and receptors involved in stem cell homing and tissue repair. We hypothesized that pregnancy and parturition in rats contributes to the…

This study examines the tissue engineering of a human ear model through use of bovine chondrocytes isolated from four different cartilaginous sites (nasoseptal, articular, costal, and auricular) and seeded onto biodegradable poly(l-lactic acid) and…

To understand further the effects of spaceflight on osteoblast-enriched cultures, normal chicken calvarial osteoblasts were flown aboard shuttle flight STS-77, and the total number of attached cells was determined. Spaceflight and control cultures…

To understand further the role of gravity in osteoblast attachment, osteoblasts were subjected to hypergravity conditions in vitro. Scanning electron microscopy of all confluent coverslips from FPA units show that the number of attached osteoblasts…

To determine the potential development in vivo of tissue-engineered auricular cartilage, chondrocytes from articular cartilage of bovine forelimb joints were seeded on poly(L-lactic acid-epsilon-caprolactone) copolymer scaffolds molded into the shape…

N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are important in many instances of synaptic plasticity. In hippocampal area CA1, long-term potentiation (LTP) can be induced by both NMDA receptor-dependent and -independent mechanisms. Using intracellular…

Hepatic VLDL overproduction is a characteristic feature of diabetes and an important contributor to diabetic dyslipidemia. Hepatic sortilin 1 (Sort1), a cellular trafficking receptor, is a novel regulator of plasma lipid metabolism and reduces plasma…

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a major active component of turmeric (Curcuma longa), is a natural polyphenolic compound. Herein the effect of curcumin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress responsive gene expression was investigated. We report that…

Tissue-engineered models of human phalanges have previously been fabricated from a combination of bovine periosteum, cartilage, tendon, and biodegradable polyglycolic acid and poly-L-lactic acid scaffolds. Resulting constructs implanted in athymic…

Aberrant epigenetic alterations during development may result in long-term epigenetic memory and have a permanent effect on the health of subjects. Constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) is a central regulator of drug/xenobiotic metabolism. Here, we…

Plasminogen activator inhibitor type I (PAI-1) is a marker of the fibrinolytic system and serves as a possible predictor for hepatic metabolic syndromes. Fenofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor alpha (PPAR alpha) agonist, is a drug…

The present study was designed to determine whether the diminution of growth hormone (GH) secretion that occurs in obese Zucker rats is related to alterations of GH-releasing factor (GRF) or somatostatin (SRIF) pituitary binding sites. Cold…

Background/Aim: Cobalamin and folate are interdependent co-factors of the methionine synthase pathway. This study evaluated the effect of intravenously-administered nitrosylcobalamin (NO-Cbl), a vitamin B12 analog, on serum folate concentrations in…

The incidence of coated vesicles under sarcolemmal surfaces of equatorial, juxtaequatorial and polar regions in developing and adult spindles of the rat soleus muscle was examined by quantitative morphometry of transverse ultrathin sections. Coated…

The presence of NADPH diaphorase staining was compared with the immunohistochemical localization of four NADPH-dependent enzymes - neuronal (type I), inducible (type LI), and endothelial (type III) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cytochrome P450…

Evidence from human amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and ALS-linked Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/Zn-SOD) transgenic mice bearing the mutation of glycine to alanine at position 93 (G93A) suggests that the pro-apoptotic protein prostate…

The mechanism of antiviral action of tricyclodecan-9-yl-xanthogenate (D609) was investigated in vitro. D609 inhibited herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) replication without apparent cytotoxicity. It reduced phosphorylation of virus-infected cell…

In the present study we examined the ultrastructural modifications as well as the precise distribution of DNA and RNA in RT4 cell nucleoli following a 3-h exposure to nontoxic or toxic doses of ametantrone (AMT), poly(adenylate-uridylate)…

Single stranded microRNAs and their antagomirs are unstable and polyanionic, which impedes efficient cellular uptake and reduces half-life. Therefore, effective delivery systems with low toxicity for microRNAs are urgently needed for the success of…

Gene therapy has drawn significant interest in the past two decades since it provides a promising strategy to treat both genetic disorders and acquired diseases. However, the transfer of gene therapy to clinical applications is troubled with many…

Vitamin D-binding protein (DBP) is a multi-functional serum protein that is converted to vitamin D-binding protein-macrophage activating factor (DBP-maf) by post-translational modification. DBP-maf is a new cytokine that mediates bone resorption by…

Sepsis stimulates an increase in the number and activity of mononuclear phagocytes in systemic host-defence organs. The present study was conducted to define the ultrastructural and cytochemical characteristics of the mononuclear phagocytes that…

1 The neuropeptide substance P (SP) exerts an excitatory effect on sympathetic neurones by inhibiting a time- and voltage-dependent potassium current. During prolonged application of SP, the response desensitizes. The changes in kinetics of the SP…

We describe director distortions in the nematic liquid crystal (LC) caused by a spherical particle with tangential surface orientation of the director and show that light transmittance through the distorted region is a steep function of the…

We describe director distortions in the nematic liquid crystal (LC) caused by a spherical particle with tangential surface orientation of the director and show that light transmittance through the distorted region is a steep function of the…

Select semipermeable amphiphilic membranes have been prepared and their diffusional characteristics for glucose, insulin, and albumin investigated. The membranes were prepared by cast copolymerization of a hydrophilic monomer (i.e., N,N-dimethyl…

Objectives. Because several experimental studies have demonstrated that cyclic adenosine monophosphate generation following beta-adrenoceptor activation can markedly stimulate alveolar fluid clearance, we determined whether the endogenous levels of…
Output Formats

atom, dcmes-xml, json, omeka-xml, rss2