Ultrastructural nucleolar alterations induced by an ametantrone/polyr(A-U) complex

Title

Ultrastructural nucleolar alterations induced by an ametantrone/polyr(A-U) complex

Creator

Thiry M; Jamison J M; Gilloteaux J; Summers J L; Goessens G

Publisher

Experimental Cell Research

Date

1997
1997-10

Description

In the present study we examined the ultrastructural modifications as well as the precise distribution of DNA and RNA in RT4 cell nucleoli following a 3-h exposure to nontoxic or toxic doses of ametantrone (AMT), poly(adenylate-uridylate) (polyr(A-U), or an AMT/polyr(A-U) combination, While distribution of nucleic acids within the various nucleolar components is not modified following all treatments, the nucleoli exhibit several ultrastructural changes: redistribution of the nucleolar components, decrease in the number of fibrillar centers, and increase in the size of the fibrillar centers, The relative frequencies of the test agents to induce the apparition of nucleoli of compact type are AMT/polyr(A-U) > AMT approximate to polyr(A-U) > sham-treated, while the abilities of the test agents to induce the nucleolar segregation are AMT/polyr(A-U) approximate to AMT > polyr(A-U) > sham-treated cells, These ultrastructural changes are characteristic of drugs that intercalate into DNA and inhibit rDNA transcription as well as rRNA processing and release of nascent preribosomes from the nucleolus. (C) 1997 Academic Press.

Subject

actinomycin-d; Cell Biology; cells; fibrillar centers; human interferon; invitro antiviral activity; mitoxantrone; novatrone; nucleic-acids; Oncology; photodynamic therapy; poly r(a-u); rna-synthesis

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

275-284

Issue

1

Volume

236

Citation

Thiry M; Jamison J M; Gilloteaux J; Summers J L; Goessens G, “Ultrastructural nucleolar alterations induced by an ametantrone/polyr(A-U) complex,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 7, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7340.

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