Browse Items (31 total)

Certain avian tendons are known to mineralize normally in a gender-related manner. These tendons have unique properties, as well as several features common to calcifying cartilage and bone in other vertebrate species. In cartilage and bone,…

COL27A1 is a member of the collagen fibrillar gene family and is expressed in cartilaginous tissues including the anlage of endochondral bone. To begin to understand its role in skeletogenesis, the temporospatial distributions of its RNA message and…

Fourier transform infrared imaging spectroscopy (FT-IRIS) has been used extensively to characterize the composition and orientation of macromolecules in thin tissue sections. Earlier and current studies of normal and polarized FT-IRIS data have…

Objective: The Hartley guinea pig develops articular cartilage degeneration similar to that seen in idiopathic human osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated whether the application of pulsed low-intensity ultrasound (PLIUS) to the Hartley guinea pig…

Tissue-engineered models of human phalanges have previously been fabricated from a combination of bovine periosteum, cartilage, tendon, and biodegradable polyglycolic acid and poly-L-lactic acid scaffolds. Resulting constructs implanted in athymic…

Background: Diced cartilage grafts have long been used in rhinoplasty. Along with their various reported advantages, they also have some disadvantages. The irregular resorption rate of the engrafted mass is one of the major issues noted with diced…

As a potential means of comparing hypothyroidism in humans, this work intended to establish a defined hypothyroid state in immature miniature swine and evaluate specific molecular, cellular, and extracellular responses of their growth plates. Two…

Gene expression levels for type II collagen and aggrecan have been determined as potential measures and disease markers of human osteoarthritis in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty. In this regard, specimens of affected articular cartilage…

One of the intents of tissue engineering is to fabricate biological materials for the augmentation or replacement of impaired, damaged, or diseased human tissue. In this context, novel models of the human phalanges have been developed recently…

Quantitative nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) microscopy was used to characterize the biochemical and morphological properties of the different zones within the growth plate of an embryonic chick femur. For precalcified tissue, water proton…

A three-dimensional (3D) mineralizing culture system using hollow fiber bioreactors has been developed to study the early stages of endochondral ossification by proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) microscopy. Chondrocytes harvested from the…

Objective: Cytokine expression is tightly regulated posttranscriptionally, but high levels of interleukin‐6 (IL‐6) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) indicate that regulatory mechanisms are disrupted in this disorder. The enzyme ZCCHC6 (zinc‐finger…

A major area under study in the osteoarthritis (OA) research field is the characterization of specific molecular and biochemical changes that distinguish advanced diseased cartilage from less involved or normal tissue. This information is important…

Tissue-engineered middle phalanx constructs of human digits were investigated to determine whether periosteum wrapped partly about model midshafts mediated cartilage growth plate formation. Models were fabricated by suturing ends of polymer midshafts…

OBJECTIVES: To develop models of human phalanges and small joints by suturing different cell-polymer constructs that are then implanted in athymic (nude) mice. DESIGN: Models consisted of bovine periosteum, cartilage, and/or tendon cells seeded onto…

OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to assess osseous contributions to osteoarthritis, obviating the analysis challenges presented by confounding factors in humans and rarity of osteoarthritis in free-ranging mammals. METHODS: Frequency of…

Gene expression of osteopontin (OPN) has been investigated in mice by application of laser capture microdissection (LCM) and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) analysis. LCM permits individual cells to be isolated ("captured")…

Micro ribonucleic acid (microRNA) regulation and expression has become an emerging field in determining the mechanisms regulating a variety of inflammation-mediated diseases. Several studies have focused on specific microRNAs that are differentially…

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