Browse Items (1071 total)

Trafficking protein particle complex 9 (TRAPPC9) is a protein subunit of the transport protein particle II (TRAPPII), which has been reported to be important in the trafficking of cargo from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to the Golgi, and in…

Hominoid remains from Miocene deposits in India and Pakistan have played a pivotal role in understanding the evolution of great apes and humans since they were first described in the 19th Century. We describe here a hominoid maxillary fragment…

BACKGROUND: The lake deposits of the informal Ruby Paper Shale unit, part of the Renova Formation of Montana, have yielded abundant plant fossils that document Late Eocene - Early Oligocene global cooling in western North America. A nearly complete…

Background: Men and women differ markedly with regard to their use of, and responses to, methamphetamine (MA) and related amphetamines. However, these gender differences oftentimes are given only a cursory consideration in the analyses of these MA…

The neurochemical heterogeneity of the rat striatum was assessed in vivo by measuring subregional changes in extracellular dopamine and DOPAC by in vivo electrochemistry and microdialysis in response to amphetamine and the D2 antagonist,…

The effects of the recently classified Schedule I amphetamine analog, 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine [+/-)-MDMA) on caudate and nucleus accumbens dopamine release and metabolism were studied by in vivo voltammetry and HPLC with electrochemical…

The nuclear bag1 intrafusal fiber mediates the dynamic (velocity) sensitivity, whereas the nuclear bag2 and nuclear chain fibers mediate the static (length) sensitivity of muscle spindles to stretch. The pattern of branching of primary and secondary…

Expression of myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms was studied in rat soleus (SOL) and extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles which regenerated in the presence or absence of innervation. Frozen sections of two 5 day denervated SOL and EDL grafts, two…

Features of the nerve supply and the encapsulated fibers of muscle spindles were assessed in grafted and normal extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of rats by analysis of serial 10-microns frozen transverse sections stained for enzymes which…

Lesions were placed in various parts of the inferior olivary nucleus and olivocerebellar tract in an attempt to define further the role of the inferior olive in the performance of a conditioned limb-flexion response (LFR) in cats. Thirty-two cats…

We studied the ontogeny of muscarinic depression in the developing rat visual cortex using carbachol (a nonhydrolyzable cholinergic agonist) application to neocortical slices obtained from four postnatal age groups: 9-10 days, 15 days,

This article is part of a study on cortical microcircuitry in which flash evoked potentials (FEPs) were recorded from the anesthetized rat visual cortex. The FEPs were subjected to current source density analysis (CSD). One of the limitations of the…

The development of long-term potentiation (LTP), an enduring alteration in synaptic efficacy following afferent activation, was examined in CA1 hippocampus and primary visual cortex of rat. Both regions show little LTP prior to postnatal day 5,…

Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a candidate for the synaptic alternations underlying memory storage in the mammalian CNS. In this chapter LTP in hippocampus and in visual neocortex are compared. Comparisons of the optimal tetanus parameters revealed…

The activity of hepatic microsomal cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase was studied in genetically obese and lean Zucker rats. The liver microsomal cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase activity in fatty Zucker rats (fa/fa) is about 50% to 70% lower than that…

Projections from medial agranular cortex to brain stem in rat were determined by use of the anterograde tracers Phaseolus vulgaris leucoagglutinin, or wheat germ agglutinin conjugated horseradish peroxidase. Axonal trajectories were also followed by…

Brainstem reticular nuclei of amniotes (mammals, birds and reptiles) may share a common phylogenetic origin as demonstrated by their many shared features (hodology, cytoarchitectonics, presence of neurochemicals). By studying characteristics of these…

Renal range dopamine's value was assessed in 15 hypotensive canines using an endotoxin shock model and concurrent pharmacological pressor support. The dogs were prospectively randomized into three treatment groups (fluid resuscitation, fluid and…

Specific behaviors comprising the serotonin syndrome (low body posture, forepaw treading, headweaving) and the autonomic signs of piloerection and salivation were determined and analyzed with locomotor activity in response to MDMA at three doses…
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