Innervation of regenerated spindles in muscle grafts of the rat.

Title

Innervation of regenerated spindles in muscle grafts of the rat.

Creator

Walro J M; Kucera J; Cui F; Staffeld C G

Publisher

Histochemistry

Date

1989
1905-06

Description

Features of the nerve supply and the encapsulated fibers of muscle spindles were assessed in grafted and normal extensor digitorum longus (EDL) muscles of rats by analysis of serial 10-microns frozen transverse sections stained for enzymes which delineated motor and sensory endings, oxidative capacity and muscle fiber type. The number of fibers was significantly more variable, and branched fibers were more frequently observed in regenerated spindles than in control spindles. Forty-eight percent of regenerated spindles received sensory innervation. Spindles reinnervated by afferents had a larger periaxial space than did spindles which were not reinnervated by afferents. Regenerated fibers innervated by afferents had small cross-sectional areas, equatorial regions with myofibrils restricted to the periphery of fibers, unpredictable patterns of nonuniform and nonreversible staining along the length of the fiber for 'myofibrillar' adenosine triphosphatase (mATPase) after acid and alkaline preincubation. In contrast, regenerated fibers devoid of sensory innervation resembled extrafusal fibers in that they usually exhibited myofibrils throughout the length of the fiber, no central aggregations of myonuclei, uniform staining for mATPase and a reversal of staining for mATPase after preincubation in an acid or alkaline medium. Approximately thirty percent of encapsulated fibers devoid of sensory innervation stained analogous to a type I extrafusal fiber, a pattern of staining never observed in intrafusal fibers of normal spindles. Groups of encapsulated fibers all exhibiting this pattern of staining reflect that either these fibers may have been innervated by collaterals of skeletomotor axons that originally innervated type I extrafusal fibers or that fibers innervated by only fusimotor neurons express patterns of staining for mATPase similar to extrafusal fibers in the absence of sensory innervation. Sensory innervation may also influence the reestablishment of multiple sites of motor endings on regenerated intrafusal fibers. Those regenerated fibers innervated by afferents had more motor endings than did regenerated fibers devoid of sensory innervation. Differences in size, morphology, and patterns of staining for mATPase and numbers of motor endings between fibers innervated by afferents and fibers devoid of sensory innervation reflect that afferents can influence the differentiation of muscle cells and the reestablishment of motor innervation other than during the late prenatal/early postnatal period when muscle spindles form and differentiate in rats.

Subject

Female; Animals; Rats; Cell Differentiation; *Nerve Regeneration; Adenosine Triphosphatases/analysis; Graft Survival; Histocytochemistry; Motor Neurons/enzymology/metabolism/*physiology; Muscle Spindles/enzymology/*physiology; Muscles/transplantation; Nerve Fibers/enzymology/physiology; Neurons; Inbred Strains; Afferent/enzymology/metabolism/*physiology

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1–13

Issue

1

Volume

92

Citation

Walro J M; Kucera J; Cui F; Staffeld C G, “Innervation of regenerated spindles in muscle grafts of the rat.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5684.

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