A new zygodactylid species indicates the persistence of stem passerines into the early Oligocene in North America.

Title

A new zygodactylid species indicates the persistence of stem passerines into the early Oligocene in North America.

Creator

Hieronymus Tobin L; Waugh David A; Clarke Julia A

Publisher

BMC evolutionary biology

Date

2019
2019-01

Description

BACKGROUND: The lake deposits of the informal Ruby Paper Shale unit, part of the Renova Formation of Montana, have yielded abundant plant fossils that document Late Eocene - Early Oligocene global cooling in western North America. A nearly complete small bird with feather impressions was recovered from this unit in in 1959, but has only been informally mentioned. RESULTS: Here we describe this fossil and identify it as a new species of Zygodactylus, a stem lineage passerine with a zygodactyl foot. The new taxon shows morphological traits that are convergent on crown Passeriformes, including an elongate hallux, reduced body size, and a comparative shortening of proximal limb elements. The fossil documents the persistence of this lineage into the earliest Oligocene (~ 33 Ma) in North America. It is the latest occurring North American species of a group that persists in Europe until the Miocene. CONCLUSIONS: Eocene-Oligocene global cooling is known to have significantly remodeled both Palearctic and Nearctic mammal faunas but its impact on related avifaunas has remained poorly understood. The geographic and temporal range expansion provided by the new taxon together with avian other taxa with limited fossil records suggests a similar pattern of retraction in North America followed by Europe.

Subject

Time Factors; Animals; Species Specificity; Fossils; Body Size; Skull/anatomy & histology; *Phylogeny; Geography; North America; *Paleobiogeography; *Paleogene; *Passeriformes; *Zygodactylidae; Extremities/anatomy & histology; Feathers/anatomy & histology; Passeriformes/*classification; Spine/anatomy & histology

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

3-3

Issue

1

Volume

19

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine; NEOMED College of Graduate Studies

NEOMED Department

Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology

Citation

Hieronymus Tobin L; Waugh David A; Clarke Julia A, “A new zygodactylid species indicates the persistence of stem passerines into the early Oligocene in North America.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6314.

Social Bookmarking