Browse Items (9214 total)

Background: Capillary lymphatic venous malformations (CLVM) and associated syndromes, including Klippel-Trenaunay syndrome (KTS) and congenital lipomatous overgrowth, vascular malformation, epidermal nevi, skeletal, and spinal syndrome (CLOVES), are…

Embryogenesis of cetaceans (whales, dolphins, porpoises) is best known in Stenella attenuata, the pan-tropical spotted dolphin, based on a remarkably complete and well-studied prenatal ontogenetic series. Our study expands understanding of cetacean…

The startle reflex (SR), a robust, motor response elicited by an intense auditory, visual, or somatosensory stimulus has been widely used as a tool to assess psychophysiology in humans and animals for almost a century in diverse fields such as…

Background: Adherence promotion is a critical component of adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer care, but predictors of nonadherence that could be targeted in intervention efforts remain largely unknown. The purpose of this multi-site longitudinal…

Disclaimer: In an effort to expedite the publication of articles, AJHP is posting manuscripts online as soon as possible after acceptance. Accepted manuscripts have been peer-reviewed and copyedited, but are posted online before technical formatting…

Extensive injury of endothelial cells in blood vasculature, especially in the microcirculatory system, frequently occurs in hosts suffering from sepsis and the accompanied systemic inflammation. Pathological factors, including toxic components…

Selective androgen receptor modulators (SARMs) are a class of nonsteroidal drugs that are favored over anabolic androgenic steroids (AASs) for their tissue-selectivity and improved side-effect profile. These drugs have been evaluated for treatment of…

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The present study examined the role of differentiation of self (DoS) in the career construction model of adaptation (CCMA) using a total sample of 243 married adults. Specifically, career construction theory (CCT) was extended by integrating Bowen…

End-stage renal disease (ESRD) is a challenge when evaluating patients for advanced heart failure therapies. We present a patient with end-stage heart failure (HF) and ESRD, who was successfully bridged to heart and kidney transplantation using…

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Objective: Practitioner attitudes regarding the nature of psychosis and prospects of recovery are important targets in supervision and training of practitioners who work therapeutically with this population. The 19-item Psychosis Attitudes Scale…

1. Classify types of pediatric illness narratives and essential pro-healthy linguistic properties 2. Articulate best methods to gain insight into patients' values, interests, and goals of care through written texts, and why it matters This study…

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1. Differentiate the content in diary and narrative 2. Locate study within the NIH ORBIT model of behavioral trial development 3. Name at least 3 writing prompts for people who may not know how to begin writing a narrative while their child is in a…

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Until the 1990s, the notion of brain lateralization—the division of labor between the two hemispheres—and its more visible behavioral manifestation, handedness, remained fiercely defined as a human specific trait. Since then, many studies have…

Before the COVID-19 pandemic, most states limited administration of vaccines to trained pharmacists and pharmacy interns. In October 2020 due to the public health emergency, the Federal Public Readiness and Emergency Preparedness Act (PREP Act)…

This study investigated mentoring relationships between doctoral students and faculty members. We examined initiation of mentoring as a mediator between key personality facets and mentoring received among 162 doctoral students (females = 77%, 77%…

The COVID‐19 pandemic has dramatically affected the way that healthcare is delivered in the United States and has likewise affected the way that health professions education is taught. This article reports a case study of a cohort‐based health…

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We investigated the value of a three‐phase, six‐step group‐based career construction counselling intervention for prospective university students from disadvantaged backgrounds using an integrative, QUALITATIVE‐quantitative design. The participants…


Highly cursorial animals are specialised for fast, sustained running via specific morphological adaptations, notably including changes in limb segment length and mechanical advantage. Members of the order Lagomorpha (hares, rabbits and pikas) vary…

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Background: In 2019, Navigant Healthcare published research showing that 1 in 5 rural hospitals in Minnesota are at risk of closing as they are not financially sustainable. With 26.7% of Minnesota's population being rural, this is particularly…

An intermolecular Friedel-Crafts alkylation of indole and tertiary allylic alcohols has been developed. The allylic alcohols were synthesized using a two-step procedure, then exposure of these alcohols to diphenyl phosphate facilitated the desired…

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The COVID-19 pandemic has been associated with increased mental illness rates, although the degree to which is associated with mental health stigmatizing attitudes and helping intentions is unknown. This vignette-based study examined differences in…

Objective Heart failure (HF), a worldwide health condition, is the result of many cardiovascular diseases. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Xiaoyu Jiangzhi capsule (XYC) has long been in use in China to treat hyperlipidemia and inhibit platelet…

Many medical universities have student-run free clinics that enable trainees to obtain hands-on clinical experience with underserved populations. This study takes place at one such clinic based at a multidisciplinary health sciences institution in…

Background and aims Diet-induced obesity and metabolic syndrome can trigger the progression of fatty liver disease to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis and fibrosis, which is a major public health concern. Bile acids regulate metabolic homeostasis and…

It is challenging to study regulatory genetic variants as gene expression is affected by both genetic polymorphisms and non-genetic regulators. The mRNA allele-specific expression (ASE) assay has been increasingly used for the study of cis-acting…

Background and aims: Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty (ESG) is an incisionless, transoral, restrictive bariatric procedure designed to imitate sleeve gastrectomy (SG). Comparative studies and large-scale population-based data are limited. Additionally,…

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Background: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in neonates admitted to neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). There is a need to have prospective data on the risk factors and outcomes of acute peritoneal dialysis (PD) in neonates. The use of kidney…

Introduction: Social support is a key protective factor in the psychological adjustment of individuals to traumatic events. However, since March 2020, extant research has revealed evidence of increased loneliness, social isolation, and disconnection,…

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Background: Antithrombin (AT) activity is reduced during cardiac operations with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB), which is associated with adverse outcomes. Preoperative AT supplementation, to achieve >58% and

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Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) caused by supraphysiological compression or tension imposed by adjacent tissue structures, such as the aorta, may contribute to onset of idiopathic unilateral vocal fold paralysis (iUVP) resulting in…

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Background: Surgery is a known risk factor for hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) in children.

Objectives: To assess whether the odds of HA-VTE differs across six anatomic sites of noncardiac surgery and to identify risk factors for…

Background: Breast ultrasound identifies additional carcinomas not detected in mammography but has a higher rate of false-positive findings. We evaluated whether use of intelligent multi-modal shear wave elastography (SWE) can reduce the number of…

Background: Uncorrected obesity facilitates premature aging and cardiovascular anomalies. This study examined the interaction between obesity and aging on cardiac remodeling and contractile function.

Methods: Cardiac echocardiographic geometry,…

Background: Current American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Heart Rhythm Society (ACC/AHA/HRS) and European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guidelines recommend different strategies to avoid low-yield admissions in patients with…

Purpose: To determine the preferences and attitudes of members of regional anesthesia societies during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: We distributed an electronic survey to members of the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine,…
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