Browse Items (8441 total)

BACKGROUND: Bronchoscopy is the standard of care for diagnosis and treatment of foreign body aspiration (FBA). Drawbacks of this approach include its invasiveness, the potential for exacerbation of reactive airway disease, and the need for general …

OBJECTIVE: Overtriage (OT) of helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) poses significant burden to multiple stakeholders. The project aims were to identify the following: 1) associated factors, 2) downstream effects, and 3) focus areas for …

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the association between clinical and examination features at admission and late preterm birth. STUDY DESIGN: The present study is a secondary analysis of a randomized trial of singleton pregnancies at …

OBJECTIVE: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) sustained in childhood is associated with poor social outcomes. This study investigated the role of theory of mind (ToM) as a mediator of the relation between TBI and peer rejection/victimization and …

Neuroendocrine dysfunction includes suspected hyper- and hypofunction of the pituitary gland. Causative lesions may include primary masses of the pituitary such as pituitary microadenomas and macroadenomas, as well as extrinsic masses, typically …

OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this article is to evaluate whether identification and treatment of women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy affects subsequent maternal body mass index (BMI), anthropometry, metabolic…

BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation (AF) affects an estimated 33 million people worldwide, leading to increased mortality and an increased risk of heart failure and stroke. Many AF patient registries exist, but the ability to link and compare data …

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate characteristics associated with adverse outcomes in low-risk nulliparous women randomized to elective labor induction at 39 weeks of gestation or expectant management. METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of women…

Chronic wounds of the lower extremity can pose several obstacles for the treating physician as well as the patient. Peroneal artery adipofascial flaps have been shown to be a reliable and durable option for reconstruction of these defects for many …

Due to the profound effect of novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) on healthcare systems, surgical programs across the country have paused surgical operations and have been utilizing virtual visits to help maintain public safety. For those…

BACKGROUND: Despite the growing trend of obesity, the utilization of anti-obesity therapeutic interventions is not robust in the USA. We aimed to analyze the trends of anti-obesity pharmacotherapy using a population level database. METHODS: We used…

OBJECTIVE: To determine if the motor response on the stimulated manual muscle test (SMMT) in muscles with a grade 0 motor score on the manual muscle test (MMT) can differentiate lower motor neuron (LMN) from upper motor neuron (UMN) injury based on…

BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The association between obesity and colorectal cancer (CRC) is well established in older individuals, but evidence is limited in the younger population. The study aims to analyze the relationship of obesity and its related …

BACKGROUND: Interventional therapies aiming at excluding the left atrial appendage (LAA) from systemic circulation have been established as a valid alternative to oral anticoagulation in patients at high thromboembolic risk. However, their efficacy…

BACKGROUND: Adequacy of prenatal care is associated with fulfillment of postpartum sterilization requests, though it is unclear whether this relationship is indicative of broader social and structural determinants of health or reflects the…

How health care professionals conceptualize mental illness has received relatively little attention in existing literature. This survey explored how health care professionals, academic faculty, and trainees at a US academic medical center …

BACKGROUND: Assessment of the immediate need for specific blood product transfusions in acutely bleeding patients is challenging. Clinical assessment and commonly used coagulation tests are inaccurate and time-consuming. The goal of this practice …

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) emerged from China in 2019 and rapidly spread worldwide. Patients with metabolic comorbid conditions are more susceptible to infection by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 …

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of an intrauterine vacuum-induced hemorrhage-control device for postpartum hemorrhage treatment. METHODS: ptA multicenter, prospective, single-arm treatment study of a novel intrauterine device…

STUDY DESIGN: Survey. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the needs and priorities of people with spinal cord injury for managing neurogenic bladder and bowel function and to determine their willingness to adopt neuromodulation interventions for these …

INTRODUCTION: Selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) provides lasting relief of spasticity for children suffering from cerebral palsy, although controlling postoperative pain is challenging. Postoperatively, escalation of therapies to include a …

BACKGROUND: The Center for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) has targeted hospital readmissions, which cost $17 billion per year, as one potential solution to reduce rising health care costs. Studies have documented the ability of Transitions …

OBJECTIVE: To determine cost-effectiveness of preoperative lymphoscintigraphy (LSG) for detection of inguinofemoral sentinel lymph nodes (SLN). METHOD: We compared the use of preoperative LSG prior to SLN excision versus omission of preoperative…

Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract (CAKUT) constitute one of the most frequent birth defects and represent the most common cause of chronic kidney disease in the first three decades of life. Despite the discovery of dozens of …

BACKGROUND: Migraine surgery is an increasingly popular treatment option for migraine patients. The lesser occipital nerve is a common trigger point for headache abnormalities, but there is a paucity of research regarding the lesser occipital …

The efficacy of bariatric surgery in achieving weight loss and preventing long-term comorbidities such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and osteoarthritis is well established. Data regarding safety of bariatric surgery in patients with…

We report the case of a patient with a right-sided L4 synovial cyst, which had been causing significant pain, who had a successful transfacet epidural steroid injection to rupture the cyst. Using fluoroscopy, the needle was advanced through the…

A 74-year-old with a history of sinus node dysfunction and intermittent AV block s/p permanent pacemaker implant 6 years prior, complains of one episode of dizziness.

INTRODUCTION: The UTD Classification System risk stratifies postnatal UTD into three groups: low risk (UTD P1), intermediate risk (UTD P2), and high risk (UTD P3). In the original consensus document, a functional scan is not recommended for UTD P1…

INTRODUCTION: Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) was introduced over 20 years ago as adjunctive therapy for the correction of cleft lip and palate. In the current study, we propose a new approach using a digital workflow and 3-dimensional printing to …

BACKGROUND: Single-center reports of central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) and the subcategory of mucosal barrier injury laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (MBI-LCBI) in pediatric hematology oncology transplant (PHO) …

BACKGROUND: The anatomy of the clavicle is specific and varied in reference to its topography and shape. These anatomic characteristics play an important role in the open treatment of clavicle fractures. The complex and variable topography creates …

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