Browse Items (287 total)

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4) is a ubiquitously expressed polymodally activated ion channel. TRPV4 has been implicated in tumor progression; however, the cell-specific role of TRPV4 in tumor growth, angiogenesis, and metastasis…

BACKGROUND: To quantitatively evaluate the brain MRI morphological abnormalities in patients with cyclin-dependent kinase-like 5 deficiency disorder (CDD) on a group level and longitudinally. METHODS: We performed surface-based MRI analysis on …

BACKGROUND: There are more than 100,000 cases of esophageal foreign body in the United States each year. Most cases resolve spontaneously; however, complete esophageal obstruction is a medical emergency. Patients with developmental disabilities are…

The digastrics are a pair of muscles individually made up of two distinct muscle bellies: the anterior and posterior digastrics. They derive embryonically from the first and second pharyngeal arches. Together, they function in swallowing, chewing, …

Obesity is associated with inflammation and insulin resistance (IR), but the regulation of insulin sensitivity (IS) and connections between IS and inflammation remain unclear. We investigated the role of miR-467a-5p, a miRNA induced by…

Swallowing in mammals requires the precise coordination of multiple oropharyngeal structures, including the palatopharyngeal arch. During a typical swallow, the activity of the palatopharyngeus muscle produces pharyngeal shortening to assist in…

The inferolateral triangle is a surgical skull base triangle used as a neurosurgical landmark. There are few reports of its measurements with little attention paid to anatomical variations. The inferolateral triangle was measured in ten adult human …

Background Abnormalities of right ventricular (RV) strain have been shown to occur prior to impairment of global right ventricular function, measured by global RV ejection fraction (RVEF) in patients with increased RV afterload, such as pulmonary…

Breech presentation complicates as many as 4% of all deliveries. External cephalic version (ECV) is a procedure that involves the external rotation of the fetus through the mother's abdomen from a breech position into a cephalic position. It provides…

Adult day centers (ADCs) are nonresidential settings that support the health and social needs of vulnerable older adults. Due to ADCs' congregate nature and participants' compromised health status, many ADCs have been forced to close during the…

This manuscript describes the abrupt pivot of VQI physician members away from standard clinical practice to a restrictive phase of emergent and urgent vascular procedures in response to the pandemic. The Society for Vascular Surgery Patient Safety…

In response to the pandemic, an abrupt pivot of VQI physician members away from standard clinical practice to a restrictive phase of emergent and urgent vascular procedures occurred. The Society for Vascular Surgery Patient Safety Organization …

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether current guidelines emphasizing antibiotic stewardship in pediatrics have been associated with reduced prevalence of antibiotic allergies in children severely affected by otitis media undergoing bilateral myringotomy…

PURPOSE: To assess for a positive results bias in recently published randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in the field of vitreoretinal disease.Methods: A bibliometric analysis was conducted examining RCTs published in the field of retina between…

During the land-to-water transition in the Eocene epoch, the cetacean skeleton underwent modifications to accommodate life in the seas. These changes are well-documented in the fossil record. The forelimb transformed from a weight-bearing limb with…

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in the United States, with more than 230,000 new cases, and approximately 150,000 deaths estimated for 2018. Lung cancer most commonly metastasizes to the brain, liver, lungs, bone, and adrenal system;…

WHAT IS KNOWN AND OBJECTIVE: Current evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of acute low back pain (ALBP) recommend the use of opioid medications only after failure of nonpharmacological therapy, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and …

Necrotizing soft tissue infection has been historically recognized as a severe, rapidly spreading soft tissue infection associated with a very high risk of mortality. Cases of primary necrotizing fasciitis of the breast are rarely described but…

Scavenger receptor CD36 contributes significantly to lipid homeostasis, inflammation, and amyloid deposition, while CD36 deficiency is associated with restored cerebrovascular function in an Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model. Yet the…

Little is known about the functions of group II metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs2/3) in the inferior colliculus (IC)-a midbrain structure that is a major integration region of the central auditory system. We investigated how these receptors…

Calciphylaxis is a deadly disease that is currently diagnosed through a skin biopsy of resultant necrotic lesions despite many cases lacking this characteristic finding. Recently, research has demonstrated the ability of various radiologic …

Purpose: The purpose of this report is to examine the proper use of face coverings by patients entering one of several outpatient ophthalmology clinics during the coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) global pandemic. Methods: Proper face-covering use …

Over the past four decades, there have been progressive changes in the epidemiology of traumatic spinal cord injury (tSCI). We assessed trends in demographic and injury-related variables in traumatic cervical spinal cord injury (tCSCI) patients …

Introduction: Coronary microvascular dysfunction is prevalent among diabetics and intersects with deficits in endothelial-dependent vasodilation. These deficits occur early in the progression of the disease, but the mechanisms remain incompletely…

Introduction: Current guidelines of the American Heart Association (AHA) recommend annual serial imaging for patients with aneurysm of the ascending aorta (AscAoA). However, recent data (Park K-H et al. Eur J CT Surg 2017;51:959-64) have suggested…

Objective. This retrospective cohort study is aimed at determining the safety and efficacy between Femoral Open-Cutdown access and Percutaneous access with Endovascular Aneurysm Repair (EVAR) by contrasting perioperative complication rates. We…

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