Browse Items (31 total)

Purpose: Recently, the American College of Graduate Medical Education included medical decision-making as a core competency in several specialties. To date, the ability to demonstrate and measure a pedagogical evolution of medical judgment in a…

Adult day care (ADC) centers provide community-based care (including meals) to frail, ethnically diverse older adults, many of whom are at risk for malnutrition. To support the development of interventions to benefit ADC users, the authors aimed to…

Many primates show responses to dead infants, yet testing explanations for these behaviors has been difficult. Callitrichids present a unique opportunity to delineate between hypotheses, since unlike most species, male caretakers form closer social…

Objective: Prior research has identified different PTSD symptom (PTSS)trajectories over months and years posttrauma that warrant different levels of clinical attention. Earlier identification of at-risk trauma victims can facilitate efficient and…

The Balanced Budget Act of 1997 legislated the idea of reimbursing ambulatory sites for training medical professionals. However, very little is known about the costs of training in such settings. This paper assesses the cost of primary care training…

BACKGROUND: In April 2004, the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III Guidelines for management of high cholesterol encouraged even lower levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) than previous guidelines for high and very…

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Few reports in gynecologic literature have addressed patient preferences about terminal care. In light of the current discussions about end-of-life decision-making, a study was designed to assess the desires of patients with gynecologic cancer. A…

Our hypothesis is that in an established Level I trauma center general trauma surgeons should repair peripheral vascular injuries even in stable patients when there is time for a vascular consult. We reviewed all penetrating peripheral vascular…

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a genetically inherited autosomal recessive condition. Individuals with OCA lack melanin and therefore are susceptible to the harmful effects of solar ultraviolet radiation, including extreme sun sensitivity,…

ObjectivesThe objective was to review and update key definitions and metrics for emergency department (ED) performance and operations. MethodsForty-five emergency medicine leaders convened for the Third Performance Measures and Benchmarking Summit…

Background: Despite the availability of effective screening measures, physicians fail to identify and manage many children with psychosocial problems. Physicians are most likely to identify children with psychosocial problems when parents voice…

Background: Cognitive impairment due to delirium or dementia is common in older emergency department (ED) patients. To prevent errors, emergency physicians (EPs) should use brief, sensitive tests to evaluate older patient's mental status. Prior…

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the readiness of academic general internal medicine physicians and academic family medicine physicians to perform and teach 13 common ambulatory procedures. DESIGN: Mailed survey. SETTING: Internal medicine and…

Study objective: To review the clinical and laboratory findings in a large number of patients with pneumococcal bacteremia in the 1980s and identify risk factors associated with increased mortality. Design: Retrospective review of medical records…

Background: Emergency departments (ED) are sites of prevalent imaging overuse; however, determinants that drive imaging in this setting are not well-characterized. We systematically reviewed the literature to summarize the determinants of imaging…

Background: Freestanding emergency departments (FEDs) introduce a challenge to physicians who care for the patient with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) because treatment is highly time dependent. FEDs have no percutaneous…

At least 1 episode of acute otitis media is seen in 94% of children before age 2. Attendance in a day-care setting is among the major risk factors. Middle ear fluid may be sterile or may grow viruses and/or bacteria. Accurate diagnosis and…

Pneumococcal infection is common in adults, and invasive disease is associated with a high mortality rate. Pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine can prevent invasive pneumococcal disease and is recommended for people aged >= 65 years and for younger…

Background: Electronic messaging (EM) is increasingly utilized among patients with diabetes, but it is unclear whether it is associated with improved glycemic control, hospital admissions, or emergency visits. Methods: Patients who were seen over a 1…

Though ubiquitous in community mental health agencies, case management suffers from a lack of consensus regarding its definition, essential components, and appropriate application. Meaningful comparisons of various case management models await such a…

Objective Numerous attempts have been made to create a standardized "presenting problem" or "chief complaint" list to characterize the nature of an emergency department visit. Previous attempts have failed to gain widespread adoption as they were not…
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