Oculocutaneous Albinism in Sub-Saharan Africa: Adverse Sun-Associated Health Effects and Photoprotection

Title

Oculocutaneous Albinism in Sub-Saharan Africa: Adverse Sun-Associated Health Effects and Photoprotection

Creator

Wright C Y; Norval M; Hertle R W

Publisher

Photochemistry and Photobiology

Date

2015
2015-01

Description

Oculocutaneous albinism (OCA) is a genetically inherited autosomal recessive condition. Individuals with OCA lack melanin and therefore are susceptible to the harmful effects of solar ultraviolet radiation, including extreme sun sensitivity, photophobia and skin cancer. OCA is a grave public health issue in sub-Saharan Africa with a prevalence as high as 1 in 1000 in some tribes. This article considers the characteristics and prevalence of OCA in sub-Saharan African countries. Sun-induced adverse health effects in the skin and eyes of OCA individuals are reviewed. Sun exposure behavior and the use of photoprotection for the skin and eyes are discussed to highlight the major challenges experienced by these at-risk individuals and how these might be best resolved.

Subject

Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Biophysics; care; children; community; Nigeria; northern tanzania; population; program; skin cancer; southern-africa; zimbabwe

Identifier

Format

Journal Article

Search for Full-text

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

27-32

Issue

1

Volume

91

Citation

Wright C Y; Norval M; Hertle R W, “Oculocutaneous Albinism in Sub-Saharan Africa: Adverse Sun-Associated Health Effects and Photoprotection,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 27, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7622.

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