Browse Items (34 total)

Objective: To perform a systematic review of the emergency medicine literature to assess the appropriateness of an intervention to identify, counsel, and refer emergency department (ED) patients > 64 years old who are at high risk for falls. Methods:…

Background: Freestanding emergency departments (FEDs) introduce a challenge to physicians who care for the patient with an ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) because treatment is highly time dependent. FEDs have no percutaneous…

Background/Aims: Hemodialysis patients are often hospitalized, during which time they require continuity of care in the inpatient setting. The goal of the present study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes associated with a conversion algorithm from…

Gastrointestinal bleeding is a common and potentially life-threatening problem. The incidence of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is 40 to 150 episodes per 100,000 population per year.(19, 73, 77) Mortality in large series is 6% to 10% for UGIB…

PURPOSE: Although the independent effects of lactation consultants and peer counselors have been shown to improve breastfeeding outcomes, the joint effects have yet to be considered, particularly in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in…

Context Blood culture is the criterion standard for identifying children with bacteremia. However, elevated false-positive rates are common and are associated with substantial health care costs. Objective To compare contamination rates in blood…

Although there are no Class I data supporting the regionalization of trauma care the consensus is that trauma centers decrease morbidity and mortality. However, the controversy continues over whether trauma surgeons should be in-house or take call…

As the number of elderly persons in the United States continues to increase, geriatric abuse has become the most recent manifestation of domestic violence seen in the emergency department. Recent data suggest that 1 million elderly persons are…

The streptococcal toxic shocklike syndrome is a recently recognized, multisystem disorder that shares many of the features of staphylococcal toxic shock syndrome, but is caused by toxins elaborated by group A beta-hemolytic Streptococcus. We describe…

The medical records of 109 patients who presented to the emergency department during a five-year period with proven nontraumatic, spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) were retrospectively reviewed. The clinical presentation, diagnostic…

OBJECTIVES: Pain related to the gurney is a frequent complaint of older emergency department (ED) patients. The authors hypothesized that these patients may have less pain and higher satisfaction if allowed to sit in a reclining hospital chair.…

OBJECTIVES: The Research Agenda Setting Process (RASP), part of the American Geriatric Society's (AGS's) project "Increasing Geriatric Expertise in Surgical and Related Medical Specialties," was designed to define a research agenda for the geriatrics…

OBJECTIVES: To assess the feasibility of a brief comprehensive case-finding program for detecting functional, cognitive, and social impairments among elderly ED patients and to estimate the prevalence of unknown, undetected, or untreated impairments…

Precordial catch syndrome is a benign cause of chest pain in children and adolescents that remains underrecognized. Because of distinctive symptoms, precordial catch syndrome is not necessarily a diagnosis of exclusion. However, a detailed history…

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility of a case-finding program for cognitive impairment in elderly emergency department patients, and to describe the prevalence of cognitive impairment in screened patients and identify factors associated…

STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the feasibility, safety, and reliability of emergency cardiac treadmill exercise stress testing (CTEST) in the evaluation of emergency department patients with atypical chest pain. DESIGN: Thirty-two patients with…

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