Willingness and Ability of Older Adults in the Emergency Department to Provide Clinical Information Using a Tablet Computer.

Title

Willingness and Ability of Older Adults in the Emergency Department to Provide Clinical Information Using a Tablet Computer.

Creator

Brahmandam Sruti; Holland Wesley C; Mangipudi Sowmya A; Braz Valerie A; Medlin Richard P; Hunold Katherine M; Jones Christopher W; Platts-Mills Timothy F

Publisher

Journal of the American Geriatrics Society

Date

2016
2016-11

Description

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the proportion of older adults in the emergency department (ED) who are willing and able to use a tablet computer to answer questions. DESIGN: Prospective, ED-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: Two U.S. academic EDs. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: As part of screening for another study, potential study participants were asked whether they would be willing to use a tablet computer to answer eight questions instead of answering questions orally. A custom user interface optimized for older adults was used. Trained research assistants observed study participants as they used the tablets. Ability to use the tablet was assessed based on need for assistance and number of questions answered correctly. RESULTS: Of 365 individuals approached, 248 (68%) were willing to answer screening questions, 121 of these (49%) were willing to use a tablet computer; of these, 91 (75%) were able to answer at least six questions correctly, and 35 (29%) did not require assistance. Only 14 (12%) were able to answer all eight questions correctly without assistance. Individuals aged 65 to 74 and those reporting use of a touchscreen device at least weekly were more likely to be willing and able to use the tablet computer. Of individuals with no or mild cognitive impairment, the percentage willing to use the tablet was 45%, and the percentage answering all questions correctly was 32%. CONCLUSION: Approximately half of this sample of older adults in the ED was willing to provide information using a tablet computer, but only a small minority of these were able to enter all information correctly without assistance. Tablet computers may provide an efficient means of collecting clinical information from some older adults in the ED, but at present, it will be ineffective for a significant portion of this population.

Subject

*aged; *Attitude to Computers; *Computers; *data collection; *elderly; *emergency department; *Emergency Service; 80 and over; 80 and Over; ACADEMIC medical centers; Academic Medical Centers – North Carolina; Aged; Computers; Confidence Intervals; CONFIDENCE intervals; Convenience Sample; Cross Sectional Studies; CROSS-sectional method; Cross-Sectional Studies; Descriptive Statistics; DESCRIPTIVE statistics; Emergency Care – In Old Age; EMERGENCY medical services; Emergency Service; Female; Handheld; Hospital; HOSPITAL emergency services; Human; Humans; LONGITUDINAL method; Male; Mass Screening/*instrumentation; MEDICAL cooperation; Multicenter Studies; New Jersey; NEW Jersey; North Carolina; NORTH Carolina; OLD age; Patient Attitudes – Evaluation – In Old Age; PATIENTS' attitudes; Portable – Utilization – In Old Age; PORTABLE computers; Prospective Studies; RESEARCH; SCALE analysis (Psychology); Scales; STATISTICAL sampling; Summated Rating Scaling; Surveys and Questionnaires; United States; User-Computer Interface

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

2362–2367

Issue

11

Volume

64

Citation

Brahmandam Sruti; Holland Wesley C; Mangipudi Sowmya A; Braz Valerie A; Medlin Richard P; Hunold Katherine M; Jones Christopher W; Platts-Mills Timothy F, “Willingness and Ability of Older Adults in the Emergency Department to Provide Clinical Information Using a Tablet Computer.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 23, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4494.

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