Browse Items (148 total)

Breech presentation complicates as many as 4% of all deliveries. External cephalic version (ECV) is a procedure that involves the external rotation of the fetus through the mother's abdomen from a breech position into a cephalic position. It provides…

Purpose: Recently, the American College of Graduate Medical Education included medical decision-making as a core competency in several specialties. To date, the ability to demonstrate and measure a pedagogical evolution of medical judgment in a…

Adult day care (ADC) centers provide community-based care (including meals) to frail, ethnically diverse older adults, many of whom are at risk for malnutrition. To support the development of interventions to benefit ADC users, the authors aimed to…

The literature is lacking in theoretically grounded techniques to design interprofessional educational experiences that prepare students to function effectively in interprofessional teams dedicated to the management of complex geriatric patients. We…

I first met Carmendita as she was graduating from high school and needed her physical to go to college. Carmen, a bright, African American female, was so excited to be going to Muskingum University. The first person in her family to go to college,…

Evidence suggests that teamwork is essential for safe, reliable practice. Creating health care teams able to function effectively in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs), practices that organize care around the patient and demonstrate achievement…

Statisticians continue to write about interpersonal problems they experience as consultants. In the past, they have suggested that some clients create a conflict-ridden process. More recently, they have been looking at themselves and their training…

Objectives. To evaluate and compare the reliability and validity of educational testing reported in pharmacy education journals to medical education literature. Methods. Descriptions of validity evidence sources (content, construct, criterion, and…

Background Mechanical ventilation is a complex topic that requires an in-depth understanding of the cardiopulmonary system, its associated pathophysiology and comprehensive knowledge of equipment capabilities. Introduction The use of telepresent…

Objectives: To examine the effectiveness of an asynchronous learning tool consisting of web-based lectures for trainees covering major topics pertinent to pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) and to assess resident and student evaluation of this mode…

This paper describes the development of a scalable intervention to reduce risk for depression and posttraumatic stress among medical examiner employees. Medical examiners identify the deceased, determine the cause and manner of death, and communicate…

Background: The explosion of medical knowledge, the influence of( )communications technology, and the pressures for health care reform challenge dermatologists to learn efficiently and teach effectively. Observations: The vast body of material on…

Education research in emergency medicine has made some advances, but still suffers from poorly designed studies and isolated projects that are small and cannot be generalized to other institutions. This commentary argues for the need of an emergency…

Purpose Previous studies have documented the prevalence of gender discrimination and sexual harassment during medical training, but very few have examined the behaviors that students perceive as discriminatory or harassing. The authors addressed this…

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the training of graduating internal medicine residents to perform 13 common ambulatory procedures, 3 inpatient procedures, and 3 screening examinations. DESIGN: Self-administered descriptive survey. SETTING: Internal medicine…

The topic of developing professionalism dominated the content of many academic medicine publications and conference agendas during the past decade. Calls to address the development of professionalism among medical students and residents have come…

Purpose To describe the measurement properties of instruments reported in the literature that faculty might use to measure professionalism in medical students and residents. Method The authors reviewed studies published between 1982 and 2002 that had…

Purpose To examine the role of gender discrimination and sexual harassment in medical students' choice of specialty and residency program. Method Anonymous, self-administered questionnaires were distributed in 1997 to fourth-year students enrolled in…

There is a large push to utilize evidence-based practices in medical education. At the same time, credentialing bodies are evaluating the use of simulation technologies to assess the competency and safety of its practitioners. At the 2008 Academic…

The humanities offer great potential for enhancing professional and humanistic development in medical education. Yet, although many students report benefit from exposure to the humanities in their medical education, they also offer consistent…

Nationwide survey findings that most U.S. emergency medicine clerkship directors were interested in participating in a methodologically rigorous student testing program prompted the development of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine (SAEM)…

Objective Ectopic pregnancy leads to approximately 3% of deaths in pregnancy. Surgical management is indicated when patients are hemodynamically unstable or have signs of a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. Salpingectomy is more commonly performed, but…

Accreditation standards set forth by the American Society of Health‐System Pharmacists note that postgraduate year one programs should have a formal process in place to screen candidates based upon predetermined criteria to ensure applicants have the…

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to describe the clinical and educational experience provided to the pediatric emergency medicine (PEM) fellows in procedural sedation/analgesia during their course of training. METHODS: A nonanonymous survey…

Characteristic clinical findings of fever, cough, and rhonchi, together with a new infiltrate on chest films and documentation of a pathogen, establish a diagnosis of infectious pneumonia. Several factors have had an impact on the approach to…

Primary care physicians have an important role in diagnosing and treating eye disorders–including dacryocystitis, blepharitis, and conjunctivitis–and in determining when ophthalmologic referral is needed. Fundus examination for diagnosis of glaucoma…

Thorough ocular history taking and physical examination are essential to establish a diagnosis in patients presenting with eye conditions. Some conditions require ophthalmologic referral to avoid serious complications and even vision loss. These…
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