Browse Items (100 total)

We conducted a search for international clinical guidelines related to prenatal screening during monochorionic pregnancies. We found 25 resources from 13 countries/regions and extracted information related to general screening as well as screening…

An understanding of the functional morphology of the bowhead whale continues to have significance for population management. This chapter first examines the anatomical features of the bowhead whale reproductive system, with an emphasis on the female.…

OBJECTIVE: The main purpose of this article is to evaluate whether identification and treatment of women with mild gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) during pregnancy affects subsequent maternal body mass index (BMI), anthropometry, metabolic…

OBJECTIVE: To estimate whether maternal sense of control in labor is associated with breastfeeding at 4-8 weeks postpartum. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of data from a multicenter randomized controlled trial of elective induction of labor…

The patient was a 33-year-old, highly educated, white female. She was pregnant with monochorionic-diamniotic identical twins, or twins that shared the same placenta but were in separate amniotic sacs. She had been cleared from her reproductive…

The number of refugees and asylum seekers throughout the world continues to increase, leading to increasing challenges in meeting healthcare needs of these individuals. Women's antenatal health is of particular concern due to their vulnerability to…

Purpose: Human childbirth simulated by vaginal distention is known to increase the expression of chemokines and receptors involved in stem cell homing and tissue repair. We hypothesized that pregnancy and parturition in rats contributes to the…

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain current faculty attitudes regarding teaching of vaginal breech delivery (VBD) and external cephalic version (ECV). STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to obstetrics ann gynecology residency programs. Respondents were…

`Objective To determine the ability of the quadruple Down's syndrome screening test (quad screen) to predict other adverse perinatal outcomes (APO) in a high-risk obstetric population. Setting A tertiary medical centre in West Virginia. Methods We…

We present a case of intrauterine infection with parvovirus B-19 and accompanying severe nonimmune hydrops at 26 weeks' gestation. The fetus showed progressive recovery on ultrasound. A term infant was delivered with hepatosplenomegaly as the only…

Clinical situations that require the use of systemic antibiotic therapy are common. Because millions of women choose oral contraceptives for birth control, the potential for interaction between these drugs frequently has to be considered. We review…

The relationship of weight and self-esteem to depressive symptomatology was examined among 36 African American and 96 European American pregnant inner-city women. Lower self-esteem and higher deviations from medically ideal weight predicted increased…

We describe a normal pregnancy that was conceived less than 3 weeks following curettage for a blighted ovum. A delay between curettage and subsequent pregnancy is often recommended. Evidence supporting such a delay is examined.

Objective. The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of prenatal cardiac diagnosis, prognosis, and outcome of totally anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC) and to determine echocardiographic clues in the prenatal diagnosis of…

Prenatal diagnosis of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is rare. We describe a case in which the diagnosis was made at 24 weeks' gestation. The fetus had a double-outlet right ventricle, mitral atresia, a subaortic ventricular…

OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether specimens obtained from the perianal area have a Group B streptococcal culture detection rate similar to anorectal specimens. METHODS: This is a prospective cohort study at a tertiary care university-affiliated…

BACKGROUND: As women become a larger part of the surgical workforce, policies surrounding maternity and parental leave play a role in professional practice. Little is known about leave policies worldwide. METHODS: A de novo survey distributed…

Objective Ectopic pregnancy leads to approximately 3% of deaths in pregnancy. Surgical management is indicated when patients are hemodynamically unstable or have signs of a ruptured ectopic pregnancy. Salpingectomy is more commonly performed, but…

OBJECTIVE: To assess compliance with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) screening-based protocol for obstetric group B Streptococcus (GBS) and to determine an acceptable threshold for protocol failure. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective…

Background: Small interfering RNA (siRNA) against αENaC (α-subunit of the epithelial Na channel) and CFTR (cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator) was used to explore ENaC and CTFR function in newborn rat lungs. Methods: Twenty-four…

A nationwide cohort study from Denmark found a significantly increased risk of spontaneous abortion associated with oral fluconazole usage. Caution with this medication during pregnancy is advised.

Escherichia coli is still the most common bacterial pathogen associated with urinary tract infections in women. Because of increasing resistance, ampicillin or a sulfonamide alone is no longer recommended for the empiric treatment of those…

The following article presents a comprehensive overview of the practical aspects of radiation protection for diagnostic radiology. The topics discussed include background radiation levels, typical exposure levels for radiologic technologists, risk…

Historically, primary hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy was associated with significant risk of maternal morbidity and fetal death. Maternal hypercalcemia results in fetal hypercalcemia, leading to suppression of fetal parathyroid gland function.…

We present a case of intrauterine infection with parvovirus B-19 and accompanying severe nonimmune hydrops at 26 weeks' gestation. The fetus showed progressive recovery on ultrasound. A term infant was delivered with hepatosplenomegaly as the only…

A 30-year-old, white woman, gravida 4, para 2, abortus 1, was hospitalized at 21 weeks' gestation because of a symptomatic pericardial effusion. Extensive evaluation including pericardial biopsy failed to reveal a specific cause. Treatment with…

Using light, transmission (TEM) and scanning (SEM) electron microscopy, cocaine-induced defects were observed in hamster atria. Compared with controls, the treated atria from neonates show endocardial and myocardial damages as the atrial walls…

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in pregnancy would help define a benign pelvic mass, thereby avoiding laparotomy. METHODS: During a 2-3-year period, five pregnant women with adnexal masses suspected to be leiomyomas…
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