Browse Items (36 total)

Post-operative wound complications are some of the most common acute complications following spine surgery. These surgical site infections (SSI) contribute to increased healthcare related costs. Negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has long been…

PURPOSE: Multiple robotic-assisted surgeries are often performed within a single operating day; however, the impact of this practice on patient outcomes has not been examined. We aim to determine whether outcomes for robotic-assisted laparoscopic …

INTRODUCTION: The pediatric kidney is the most common urinary tract organ injured in blunt abdominal trauma. Trauma care in the United States has been established into a hierarchical system verified by the American College of Surgeons (ACS).…

Attitudes of mental health providers are an important consideration in training and delivering evidence-based practices. Treatment approaches for individuals who experience schizophrenia consistently endorse the importance of a recovery perspective.…

This paper reports mathematically derived residual risks of being a carrier or being affected with cystic fibrosis following various screening scenarios to assist in interpreting test results and advising patients. While parental screening with 23…

Evidence suggests that teamwork is essential for safe, reliable practice. Creating health care teams able to function effectively in patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs), practices that organize care around the patient and demonstrate achievement…

OBJECTIVE: To ascertain current faculty attitudes regarding teaching of vaginal breech delivery (VBD) and external cephalic version (ECV). STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire was sent to obstetrics ann gynecology residency programs. Respondents were…

A primary prevention, behavioral intervention designed to reduce HIV risk behavior was tested in a randomized, controlled trial with single, inner-city women. A total of 935 women were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions: a small group, 6-session…

Background: Musculoskeletal complaints represent the second most common reason for visits to a physician, second only to the common cold. The limited capability of medical. treatment for musculoskeletal disease requires modification of communication…

BACKGROUND. Various transmission routes contribute to spread of carbapenem-resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP) in hospitalized patients. Patients with readmissions during which CRKP is again isolated ("CRKP readmission") potentially contribute to…

Background: Venous thromboembolism (VTE), which includes deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE), is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in bariatric surgery patients. The objective of this study was to discuss the evolution…

BACKGROUND. Consultation and referral are essential components of the practice of primary care. Despite this, little is known about the factors that contribute to the success of a referral. We examined the short-term outcomes of communication between…

Intra-articular fractures of the tibial plafond are complex injuries which continue to challenge orthopaedic surgeons in achieving anatomic reduction, while allowing early weight bearing and return to activity. Although a wide range of treatment…

Objective: We sought to evaluate whether comprehensive postdischarge care management for stroke survivors is superior to organized acute stroke department care with enhanced discharge planning in improving a profile of health and well-being. Methods:…

Introduction: Laparoscopic inguinal herniorrhaphy is widely accepted. Robotic-assisted surgery provides improved 3-dimensional visualization and enhanced dexterity. The purpose of this case series was to demonstrate the feasibility of a modified,…

Purpose: To investigate the association of overall and disease-specific survival with the five standard treatment modalities for prostate cancer (CaP): radical prostatectomy (RP), brachytherapy (BT), external beam radiotherapy, androgen deprivation…

Objective: Frame-based stereotaxy has regularly been utilized for deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery. More recently, frameless neuronavigation has revealed similar outcomes for functional neurosurgical operations. Such comparable outcomes have been…

ObjectivesThe objective was to review and update key definitions and metrics for emergency department (ED) performance and operations. MethodsForty-five emergency medicine leaders convened for the Third Performance Measures and Benchmarking Summit…

Understanding why parents become involved in their children's education is crucial in strengthening the relationship between parental involvement and academic achievement. The present study focuses on the parental role construction and parental…

Background and context: There is a basis for the assumption that feedback can be used to enhance physicians' performance. Nevertheless, the findings of empirical studies of the impact of feedback on clinical performance have been equivocal.…

Introduction: A critical review of the pulmonary complications associated with blind placement of narrow-bore nasoenteric tubes (NETs) is discussed. Preventive measures and placement techniques are addressed to decrease patient morbidity and…

Robot-assisted minimally invasive surgery has become a routine surgical option for the treatment of prostate cancer. Despite its technical advancements, the da Vinci (R) Surgical System still lacks haptic feedback to the surgeon, resulting in a…

Purpose Obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is highly prevalent in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). OSAHS is a risk factor for the development of atrial fibrillation (AF), but the risk of AF in patients who are…

The Sequential Intercept Model provides a conceptual framework for communities to use when considering the interface between the criminal justice and mental health systems as they address concerns about criminalization of people with mental illness.…

Objective: Mandated community treatment has been proposed as a mechanism to engage people with severe and persistent mental disorders in treatment. Recently, two approaches to mandate treatment through the courts have been highlighted: assisted…

This document by the SAEM Public Health and Education Committee outlines the public health impact of interpersonal violence as it pertains to acute emergency care. This paper provides an overview of violence through the life cycle (i.e., child abuse,…

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine whether prolonged hospital length of stay (HLOS) and rehabilitation facility length of stay (RLOS) lead to poor functional outcomes, defined as a Functional Independence Measure (FIM) score of…

OBJECTIVE: Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) and carotid angioplasty and stenting (CAS) are well established treatments that have been shown to decrease stroke recurrence in patients with underlying carotid artery disease. We assessed clinical outcome,…

Medical education has evolved over time toward a model which integrates clinical medicine with the basic sciences. More recently, medical education has put an emphasis on outcome-based education. Other areas of health care education have had a…

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