A Randomized Trial Testing the Superiority of a Postdischarge Care Management Model for Stroke Survivors

Title

A Randomized Trial Testing the Superiority of a Postdischarge Care Management Model for Stroke Survivors

Creator

Allen K; Hazelett S; Jarjoura D; Hua K D; Wright K; Weinhardt J; Kropp D

Publisher

Journal of Stroke & Cerebrovascular Diseases

Date

2009
2009-11

Description

Objective: We sought to evaluate whether comprehensive postdischarge care management for stroke survivors is superior to organized acute stroke department care with enhanced discharge planning in improving a profile of health and well-being. Methods: This was a randomized trial of a comprehensive postdischarge care management intervention for patients with ischemic stroke and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale scores greater than or equal to 1 discharged from an acute stroke department. An advanced practice nurse performed an in-home assessment for the intervention group from which an interdisciplinary team developed patient-specific care plans. The advanced practice nurse worked with the primary care physician and patient to implement the plan during the next 6 months. The intervention and usual care groups were compared using a global and closed hypothesis testing strategy. Outcomes fell into 5 domains: (1) neuromotor function, (2) institution time or death, (3) quality of life, (4) management of risk, and (5) stroke knowledge and lifestyle. Results: Treatment effect was near 0 SD for all except the stroke knowledge and lifestyle domain, which showed a significant effect of the intervention (P = .0003). Conclusions: Postdischarge care management was not more effective than organized stroke department care with enhanced discharge planning in most domains in this population. The intervention did, however, fill a postdischarge knowledge gap.

Subject

Cardiovascular System & Cardiology; clinical-trials; follow-up; intervention; multiple end-points; Neurosciences & Neurology; outcomes; quality-of-life; randomized trial; rehabilitation; scale; Stroke care management; support

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

443-452

Issue

6

Volume

18

Citation

Allen K; Hazelett S; Jarjoura D; Hua K D; Wright K; Weinhardt J; Kropp D, “A Randomized Trial Testing the Superiority of a Postdischarge Care Management Model for Stroke Survivors,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed February 28, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8469.

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