Browse Items (38 total)

In a case-control study, outcomes for 58 human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive patients with community-acquired pneumonia ( CAP) were compared with outcomes for 174 HIV-negative patients with CAP. No differences were found in the time to…

Evidence-based guidelines for the diagnosis and initial management of suspected acute bacterial rhinosinusitis in adults and children were prepared by a multidisciplinary expert panel of the Infectious Diseases Society of America comprising…

This report reviews 45 episodes of group A streptococcal bacteremia during 1980-1989 in a large hospital; 24 episodes occurred in the first 5 years of study (1980-1984) and 21 in the last 5 years (1985-1989). Four episodes were nosocomial. The…

This is part of the series of practice guidelines commissioned by the Infectious Diseases Society of America through its Practice Guidelines Committee. The purpose of this guideline is to provide assistance to clinicians in the diagnosis and…

Endocarditis due to Escherichia coli is rare. The case of a 79-year-old woman with E. coli bacteremia and multiple hemorrhagic cerebral infarcts is reported. A two-dimensional echocardiogram showed no evidence of a vegetation. While she was receiving…

Patients with enterococcal bacteremia due to strains with and without high-level gentamicin resistance (HLGR; MIC, >2,000 mg/L) were compared. Between 1986 and 1991, there were 178 episodes of enterococcal bacteremia: 47 and 131 episodes,…

A 65-year-old man had a 3-day history of sore throat, fever, rigors, back pain, abdominal discomfort, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. The patient's daughter had group A streptococcus pharyngitis. The patient was found to have a ruptured abdominal…

We describe four patients who had seizures while receiving ofloxacin; no other causes were evident. Common factors among all patients included advanced age and use of a high-dose regimen. The renal insufficiency of three patients and the timing of…

We describe a patient with community-acquired pneumonia due to Legionella pneumophila serogroup 6. This patient was found to have bronchoalveolar carcinoma of the lung by means of cytologic testing in 1 of 2 bronchoalveolar lavage samples, but no…

We describe 6 patients who had bacteremic community-acquired pneumonia and unsuspected Legionella pneumophila coinfection. We reviewed case records of patients who were diagnosed as having a recent Legionella infection on the basis of either the…

Trichophyton verrucosum infection, which is acquired from the hide of dairy cattle, is the cause of tinea barbae, a severe pustular eruption on the face and neck, We present the cases of five patients, three of whom had severe pustular tinea barbae…

Assigning responsibility for the origins of treponemal disease has been complicated because of the (diagnostic) impreciseness of the historical written record and the inability to microbiologically distinguish among the treponematoses. Bedouin…

Documentation of the antiquity and tracking of the derivation of human treponemal diseases have been complicated by an inability to distinguish among these diseases biochemically, histologically, and immunologically. Skeletal impact, as a population…

Carbapenems remain a mainstay for the empirical treatment of serious nosocomial infection. Although the tolerance and safety profile of the carbapenems as a class is favorable, the primary safety concern is the potential for treatment-emergent…

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