Browse Items (41 total)

Scavenger receptor CD36 contributes significantly to lipid homeostasis, inflammation, and amyloid deposition, while CD36 deficiency is associated with restored cerebrovascular function in an Alzheimer's disease (AD) mouse model. Yet the…

Within the zebra finch song system, robust sex differences exist that enable singing behavior in males, but not females. Estradiol is a potent contributor to this process, but how and through which receptor(s) it acts is not clear. Historically,…

There is a strong cerebrovascular component to brain aging, Alzheimer disease, and vascular dementia. Foods, common drugs, and the polyphenolic compounds contained in wine modulate health both directly and through the gut microbiota. This observation…

Rationale: Two previous studies have utilized diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to examine microstructural integrity in cocaine abuse and found 41 evidence of brain abnormalities in white matter. Objective: Using anatomical magnetic resonance imaging…

Prolactin (PRL) increased basal dopamine (DA) release and attenuated amphetamine (AMPH)-stimulated DA release in vitro from rat corpus striatum in a concentration-dependent manner with 10(-5) M PRL being the most effective. The effects of PRL on DA…

The distribution of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) in the mouse olfactory bulb and olfactory epithelium, including the vomeronasal organ, was studied using an anti-NOS antibody, NADPH diaphorase histochemistry and in situ hybridization with NOS specific…

Multituberculate and eutriconodontan endocasts differ from those of primitive therian mammals in their lack of visible midbrain exposure oil the dorsal side and in having a vermis-like triangular bulge (recognized herein as the cast of a large…

Treatment with methamphetamine (MA - 20 mg/kgx4 i.p. at 2-h intervals) or its vehicle at 7 days prior to tests of running time to exhaustion were evaluated in 60-day-old CD-1 male mice. Pre-treatment running times were not significantly different…

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) is a common pediatric behavioral disorder associated with male preponderance and reduction of regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF). However, lack of an appropriate animal model exhibiting appropriate…

Although synthesis of estrogen by male gonads has been well documented for over half a century, it is only recently that the role of estrogen in male reproductive events has gained appreciation. We recently reported abundant expression of estrogen…

In this report we examined the effect of tamoxifen upon the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Ovariectomized mice were subjected to one of the following treatments: two subcutaneous injections administered on successive days of the sesame oil…

In the present report adult female rats were ovariectomized (OVX) and assigned to one of four treatment conditions. Treatments consisted of administering pellets containing 17 beta-oestradiol (E), tamoxifen (TMX), a combination of TMX and E or no…

In vitro superfusion and in vivo electrochemistry were used to investigate the role of estrogen in modulatings MPP+-induced dopamine output in the corpus striatum and nucleus accumbens of ovariectomized female rats. For in vitro superfusion…

A WIN 35,055-2 analog, 3 beta-(4-iodophenyl)tropane-2 beta-pyrrolidine carboxamide (RTI-229), has been radiolabelled with iodine-125 by radioiododestannylation of the corresponding trimethyltin derivative using carrier-free sodium iodide-125 as the…

Oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase has broad substrate specificity for sterol metabolites and may be involved in many metabolic processes including bile acid synthesis and neurosteroid metabolism, The cloned human oxysterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7B1)…

The presence of NADPH diaphorase staining was compared with the immunohistochemical localization of four NADPH-dependent enzymes - neuronal (type I), inducible (type LI), and endothelial (type III) nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and cytochrome P450…

We studied the ontogeny of muscarinic depression in the developing rat visual cortex using carbachol (a nonhydrolyzable cholinergic agonist) application to neocortical slices obtained from four postnatal age groups: 9-10 days, 15 days, 30-40 days and…

P>Although there are several isolated references to the olfactory anatomy of mysticetes, it is usually thought that olfaction is rudimentary in this group. We investigated the olfactory anatomy of bowhead whales and found that these whales have a…

Contractions of rat thoracic aorta to vasopressin WP) are threefold higher in females (F) than in males (M), primarily because nitric oxide (NO) attenuation of contraction is greater in M. To determine the role of the androgen receptor (AR) in this…

Von Economo neurons (VENs) are specialized projection neurons with a characteristic spindle-shaped soma and thick basal and apical dendrites. VENs have been described in restricted cortical regions, with their most frequent appearance in layers III…

The present study investigated whether infusion of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) could ameliorate stress-induced impairments in spatial learning and memory as well as hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP) of rats. Chronic immobilization…

We recently evaluated the suitability of polymersome delivery systems in simvastatin repurposing for treating neuroinflammation. The goal of the current study is to elucidate the therapeutic impact of particulate internalization by activated…

Age-related hearing loss may result, in part, from declining levels of gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA) in the aging inferior colliculus (IC). An upregulation of the GABA(A)R gamma(1) subunit, which has been shown to increase sensitivity to GABA,…

Although modern baleen whales (Mysticeti) retain a functional olfactory system that includes olfactory bulbs, cranial nerve I and olfactory receptor genes, their olfactory capabilities have been reduced to a great degree. This reduction likely…

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