Browse Items (42 total)

ALD 19, a monoclonal antibody that recognizes the slow-tonic myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoform, has been used extensively as a marker for nuclear bag intrafusal fibers of muscle spindles in developing and adult rats. Extrafusal fibers of adult rat…

A rat muscle spindle typically contains four intrafusal fibers - one nuclear bag(2), one nuclear bag, and two nuclear chain fibers. We compared the sequence of formation of the three intrafusal fiber types among the tibialis anterior (TA), soleus…

S46, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) specific for the SM-1 and SM-2 isoforms of avian slow myosin heavy chains (MHC), was used to study the earliest stages of development of intrafusal fibers in muscle spindles of the rat hindlimb. Spindles formed only…

Whether muscle spindles can form in muscles innervated only by afferents was investigated by removing the lumbosacral segment of the spinal cord immediately after crushing the nerve to the medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle in newborn rats, and…

Jaw-muscle electromyographic (EMG) patterns indicate that compared with thick-tailed galagos and ring-tailed lemurs, anthropoids recruit more relative EMG from their balancing-side deep masseter, and that this muscle peaks late in the power stroke.…

Objective: To test whether dopexamine hydrochloride, by its beta(2)-adrenoceptor and dopaminergic 1 (DA(1)) and dopaminergic 2 (DA(2)) agonistic properties, can improve oxygen consumption (V over dot O-2) in hyperdynamic patients with septic shock.…

The Feeding Experiments End-user Database (FEED) is a research tool developed by the Mammalian Feeding Working Group at the National Evolutionary Synthesis Center that permits synthetic, evolutionary analyses of the physiology of mammalian feeding.…

The jaw muscles play key functional roles during feeding. During contraction, a bioelectrical signal propagates along the muscle cell helping to coordinate muscle contraction. This signal can be measured via electromyography (EMG). Food scientists…

Non-human primates demonstrate food preferences much like humans. We have little insight, however, into how those preferences impact oral processing in primates. To begin describing this relationship, we conducted a preliminary analysis measuring…

Contractions of rat thoracic aorta to vasopressin WP) are threefold higher in females (F) than in males (M), primarily because nitric oxide (NO) attenuation of contraction is greater in M. To determine the role of the androgen receptor (AR) in this…

Recognition of muscle attachment sites and their modification has been an important tool in anthropologic and paleontologic research, but has been compromised by limited ability to recognise sites of tendinous attachments. We investigated bone-tendon…

Factors associated with a single bout of dynamic exercise (increased circulating catecholamines, increased body temperature, and decreased pH) are known to attenuate the vascular response to alpha-adrenergic receptor activation. Therefore, we…

We evaluated the ability of the canine in situ left lower lobe (LLL) vasculature to sieve endogenous plasma proteins of various molecular radii (34-124 A) after LLL arterial pressure had been transiently elevated to 23.8 +/- 0.9 (control group, n =…

In 1973, the Institute of Environmental Stress of the University of California-Santa Barbara, under the direction of Steven M. Horvath, began a series of field and laboratory studies of marathon runners during competition. As one of Horvath's…

Mechanisms for passively coordinating forelimb movements and flight feather abduction and adduction have been described separately from both in vivo and ex vivo studies. Skeletal coordination has been identified as a way for birds to simplify the…

This study consisted of 26 male patients with distal biceps tendon ruptures, 2 of whom had bilateral injuries, making the total number of ruptures 28. The average age at injury was 45 years. The treatment groups were the following: 3 were treated…

The low temperatures encountered by overwintering frogs result in a large downregulation of metabolism and behaviour. However, little is known about acid-base regulation in the extreme cold, especially when frogs become exclusive skin-breathers…

Ischemic heart disease is still the leading cause of death even with the advancement of pharmaceutical therapies and surgical procedures. Early vascularization in the ischemic heart is critical for a better outcome. Although stem cell therapy has…

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