Browse Items (22 total)

BACKGROUND: There are more than 100,000 cases of esophageal foreign body in the United States each year. Most cases resolve spontaneously; however, complete esophageal obstruction is a medical emergency. Patients with developmental disabilities are…

Background: We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of resident physicians regarding sepsis in general and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines in particular. Methods: After institutional review board approval, we surveyed…

Background. Group B streptococcal bacteremia ill nonpregnant adults continues to be a significant infection. Methods. We reviewed medical records of nonpregnant adult patients with group B streptococcal bacteremia from 1995 to 1999 and compared the…

Background and objectives: Long-term central venous access is becoming an increasingly important component of health care today. Long-term central venous access is important therapeutically for a multitude of reasons, including the administration of…

Objective: To test whether dopexamine hydrochloride, by its beta(2)-adrenoceptor and dopaminergic 1 (DA(1)) and dopaminergic 2 (DA(2)) agonistic properties, can improve oxygen consumption (V over dot O-2) in hyperdynamic patients with septic shock.…

Objective: Investigation of the hypothesis that the infusion of 10 ng/kg/min prostacyclin (epoprostenol) (PGI(2)) improves O-2 uptake in patients with hyperdynamic septic shock. Design: Prospective, single cohort design. Setting: ICU, university…

Introduction Primary peritonitis (PP) is peritonitis occurring in patients without underlying causes such as perforated viscus, preexisting ascites, or nephrosis. We report 2 cases of primary Streptococcus pyogenes peritonitis and review the…

Objective: To assess global and splanchnic blood flow and oxygen transport in patients with sepsis with and without norepinephrine treatment. Design: Prospective, clinical study. Setting: University hospital intensive care unit. Patients: A…

Objective: To assess the effects of epinephrine on splanchnic perfusion and splanchnic oxygen uptake in patients with septic shock. Design: Prospective, controlled trial. Setting: University hospital intensive care unit (ICU). Patients: Eight…

Objective. To assess the effects of low-dose dopamine on splanchnic blood flow and splanchnic oxygen uptake in patients with septic shock. Design. Prospective, controlled trial. Setting. University hospital intensive care unit. Patients. 11 patients…

The history of an older child victim of Munchausen by proxy (MBP) is described. He was referred for evaluation after repeated sinus surgeries for recurrent sinus infections believed to be related to a falsified history of an immunodeficiency. The…

Objectives: Deactivation of endothelium-derived relaxing factor due to an increased oxygen radical load during sepsis may contribute to an impairment in microcirculatory blood flow. We investigated whether treatment with the sulfhydryl donor and…

Circulatory indirect calorimetry (CIC) is a potentially useful method to assess the energy requirements of critically ill patients. Unlike respiratory indirect calorimetry (RIC), which measures oxygen utilization from inhaled and exhaled gases, CIC…

The biomarker procalcitonin (PCT) has been used to diagnose and monitor a number of clinically significant infections. Serum levels of PCT are often increased in the presence of bacterial and fungal infections but not viral infections or…

A survey of 53 university and community hospitals revealed that 73% of the institutions had no standard policy for the replacement of triple-lumen catheters (TLCs). Since the maintenance of a TLC in place for a prolonged period may lead to infectious…

Objective: Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of leukocyte activation in septic patients in comparison to two control groups. Design: A prospective clinical study in which the leukocyte oxidative output of whole blood was measured in three…

The Global Alliance for Infections in Surgery appreciates the great effort of the task force who derived and validated the Sepsis-3 definitions and considers the new definitions an important step forward in the evolution of our understanding of…

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BACKGROUND: We aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of resident physicians regarding sepsis in general and the Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines in particular. METHODS: After institutional review board approval, we surveyed…

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