Browse Items (25 total)

Background Abnormalities of right ventricular (RV) strain have been shown to occur prior to impairment of global right ventricular function, measured by global RV ejection fraction (RVEF) in patients with increased RV afterload, such as pulmonary…

Several guidelines have indicated that liver stiffness (LS) assessed by means of shear wave elastography (SWE) can safely replace liver biopsy in several clinical scenarios, particularly in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. However, an increase…

Purpose of Review
Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is characterized by persistent clonal expansion of adult hematopoietic stem cells, which has been increasingly found to be associated with cardiovascular disease and adverse…

Cardiac fibrosis caused by adverse cardiac remodeling following myocardial infarction can eventually lead to heart failure. Although the role of soluble factors such as TGF-beta is well studied in cardiac fibrosis following myocardial injury, the…

Objective: To test whether dopexamine hydrochloride, by its beta(2)-adrenoceptor and dopaminergic 1 (DA(1)) and dopaminergic 2 (DA(2)) agonistic properties, can improve oxygen consumption (V over dot O-2) in hyperdynamic patients with septic shock.…

Cardiac remodelling is a key risk factor for the development of heart failure in the chronic phase following myocardial infarction. Our previous studies have shown an anti-remodelling role of ACE2 (angiotensin-converting enzyme 2) in vivo during…

Aldosterone plays a pathological role in cardiac fibrosis by directly affecting cardiac fibroblasts. Understanding of the cellular mechanisms of aldosterone action in cardiac fibroblasts, however, is rudimentary. One possibility is that aldosterone…

Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of death in Americans. After myocardial infarction, significant ventricular damage persists despite timely reperfusion and pharmacological management. Treatment is limited, as current modalities do not…

Stem cell therapy for the prevention and treatment of cardiac dysfunction holds significant promise for patients with ischemic heart disease. Excitingly early clinical studies have demonstrated safety and some clinical feasibility, while at the same…

Rationale: MultiStem is an allogeneic bone marrow-derived adherent adult stem cell product that has shown efficacy in preclinical models of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). In this phase I clinical trial in patients with first…

Cardiac fibroblasts regulate formation of extracellular matrix in the heart, playing key roles in cardiac remodeling and hypertrophy. In this study, we sought to characterize cross-talk between G(q) and G(s) signaling pathways and its impact on…

Heart failure (HF) is highly prevalent among older patients in skilled nursing facilities (SNFs). HF outcomes for SNF patients suffer because of many factors, including staff training, lack of physician availability, and failure to implement…

Heart and kidney failure continued to be of increasing prevalence in today's society, and their comorbidity has synergistic effect on the morbidity and mortality of patients. Cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is a complex disease with multifactorial…

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) are rare and current estimates range from 4,000 to 6,000 number of GIST cases in the USA annually. Imatinib, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has shown a survival benefit in GISTs, and the presence of KIT mutation…
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