Browse Items (24 total)

Improving cellular access to energy substrates is one strategy to overcome observed declines in energy production and utilization in the aged and pathologic central nervous system. Monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs), the movers of lactate, pyruvate,…

Using morpholino antisense oligonucleotide (MO) technology, we blocked leptin A or leptin receptor expression in embryonic zebrafish, and analyzed consequences of leptin A knock-down on fish development. Embryos injected with leptin A or leptin…

Treatment with methamphetamine (MA - 20 mg/kgx4 i.p. at 2-h intervals) or its vehicle at 7 days prior to tests of running time to exhaustion were evaluated in 60-day-old CD-1 male mice. Pre-treatment running times were not significantly different…

In primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes the level of cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase steady-state mRNA markedly decreased by 72 h. However, the addition of L-thyroxine (T4) and dexamethasone synergistically returned cholesterol…

Aim: Long-chain acylcarnitines have been postulated to be sensitive biomarkers of acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity in mouse models. In the following study, the relationship of acylcarnitines with other known indicators of APAP toxicity was…

Objective: To assess global and splanchnic blood flow and oxygen transport in patients with sepsis with and without norepinephrine treatment. Design: Prospective, clinical study. Setting: University hospital intensive care unit. Patients: A…

In this report we examined the effect of tamoxifen upon the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Ovariectomized mice were subjected to one of the following treatments: two subcutaneous injections administered on successive days of the sesame oil…

The gene encoding cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A), the rate-limiting enzyme in bile acid synthesis, is transcriptionally regulated by bile acids and hormones. Previously, we have identified two bile acid response elements (BARE) in the…

A recombinant baculovirus containing the human cytochrome P450 (CYP) 1A1 cDNA was constructed and used to express CYP1A1 in Spodoptera frugiperda (SF9) insect cells (0.14+/-0.04 nmol/mg protein, 53+/-14 nmol/liter, N=30). The enzyme represented…

A recombinant baculovirus containing the human CYP3A4 cDNA was constructed and used to express CYP3A4 in SF9 insect cells (0.46 +/- 0.13 nmol/mg protein, 103 +/- 29 nmol/liter, N = 15). The enzyme represented similar to 2-3% of total cellular protein…

Background: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of combined use of L-carnitine and vitamin C on partially burned skin flap in an experimental rat model. Material/Methods: In the rat dorsal skin, a 10x3 cm flap was marked. The most…

Morphometry and oxidative capacity of slow-twitch (type I) and fast-twitch (type IIa and IIb) muscle fibers obtained from vastus lateralis needle biopsies were compared between younger (21-30 yr) and older (51-62 yr) normal fit (maximal O-2 uptake =…

Cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase catalyzes the rate-limiting step in the bile acid biosynthetic pathway. Regulation of this pathway is thought to occur solely as a result of a negative feedback control mechanism that is dependent upon the flux and…

A micro-tetrazolium assay was employed to evaluate vitamin C (VC), vitamin K-3 (VK3) and vitamin C/vitamin K-3 combinations (VC/VK3) for their antitumor activity against eight human urologic tumor cell lines. While the individual vitamins exhibited…

BACKGROUND: Hyperglycemia after ischemic stroke in adults and after near-drowning in children is associated with a poor neurological outcome. Anaerobic metabolism of glucose leads to buildup of lactic acid, free radical production, mitochondrial…

The present study examines the feedback control governing human cholesterol 7 alpha-hydroxylase mRNA expression in the human hepatoblastoma cell line, Hep G2. Glycochenodeoxycholate (GCDC) and glycodeoxycholate, hydrophobic bile salts, decreased…

An antibody to cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase, purified from rat liver, has been used for the immunohistochemical localization of cytochrome P450 oxidoreductase-like immunoreactivity in the rat central nervous system. The distribution of this…

Hepatic lipid metabolism is a series of complex processes that control influx and efflux of not only hepatic lipid pools, but also organismal pools. Lipid homeostasis is usually tightly controlled by expression, substrate supply, oxidation and…
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