The Impact of Caregiver Distress on the Longitudinal Development of Child Acute Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Pediatric Injury Victims.

Title

The Impact of Caregiver Distress on the Longitudinal Development of Child Acute Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Pediatric Injury Victims.

Creator

Ostrowski Sarah A; Ciesla Jeffrey A; Lee Timothy J; Irish Leah; Christopher Norman C; Delahanty Douglas L

Publisher

Journal of Pediatric Psychology

Date

2011
2011-08

Description

Objective The present study prospectively examined the development of child PTSD symptoms (PTSS) and the impact of caregiver PTSS on child PTSS following injury. Methods One hundred and eighteen ED patients and their caregivers were interviewed in-hospital and 2- and 6-weeks posttrauma. Structural equation modeling and hierarchical linear regressions examined the development of PTSS. Results A model combining child and caregiver 2-week PTSS into one latent family PTSS variable provided the best fit to the data. Child in-hospital avoidance symptoms predicted higher levels of 2-week family PTSS. Two-week family PTSS predicted child 6-week PTSS. Post hoc analyses revealed an interaction between in-hospital caregiver avoidance symptoms and child reexperiencing symptoms in predicting 6-week child PTSS. Conclusions Results highlight the dynamic development of child PTSS. Different symptom clusters may be related to higher PTSS at differing times posttrauma and may inform the development of time-sensitive methods of assessment and intervention for injury victims. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]

Subject

ANALYSIS of variance; CHILD health services; CHILDREN'S injuries; POST-traumatic stress disorder in children; PSYCHOLOGY; STRUCTURAL equation modeling; VARIATION in child development

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

806–815

Issue

7

Volume

36

Citation

Ostrowski Sarah A; Ciesla Jeffrey A; Lee Timothy J; Irish Leah; Christopher Norman C; Delahanty Douglas L, “The Impact of Caregiver Distress on the Longitudinal Development of Child Acute Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms in Pediatric Injury Victims.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/5739.

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