Design of the Prospective Observational Study of spinal metastasis Treatment (POST)

Title

Design of the Prospective Observational Study of spinal metastasis Treatment (POST)

Creator

Schoenfeld Andrew J; Blucher Justin A; Barton Lauren B; Schwab Joseph H; Balboni Tracy A; Chi John H; Shin John H; Kang James D; Harris Mitchel B; Ferrone Marco L

Publisher

The Spine Journal: Official Journal Of The North American Spine Society

Date

2019
2019-11-08

Description

BACKGROUND CONTEXT: There are several prognostic scores available that intend to inform decision making for patients with spinal metastases. Many of these have not been found to reliably predict survival across the continuum of care. Recently, our group developed the New England Spinal Metastasis Score (NESMS). While the NESMS demonstrated many of the necessary attributes of a useful prediction tool, it has yet to be validated prospectively. PURPOSE: To describe the Prospective Observational study of Spinal metastasis Treatment (POST). This investigation examined the performance of the NESMS, compared its predictive capacity to other scoring systems and determined its ability to identify patients who benefit the most from surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective observational study at two medical centers. PATIENT SAMPLE: Patients age 18 and older with spinal metastases involving the spine. OUTCOME MEASURES: Survival, post-treatment morbidity and health related quality of life (HRQL) outcomes. METHODS: The POST study assessed patients at baseline and at 1-month, 3-month, 6-month and 12-month time-points. During the baseline assessment patient demographics, past medical history and assessment of co-morbidities, surgical history, primary tumor histology and ambulatory status were recorded along with the designated treatment strategy (e.g. operative or non-operative). The NESMS and other predictive scores for each patient were calculated based on baseline data. Study-specific surveys administered at all time-points consisted of the EuroQuol 5-Dimension and Short-Form (SF)-12, Visual Analog Scale (VAS) for pain and PROMIS assessment of global health. RESULTS: Two hundred patients were enrolled in POST from 2017-2019. Patients were followed to one of the two pre-determined study end-points (i.e. mortality, or completion of the 12-month follow-up). Survival was considered the principle dependent variable. Post-treatment morbidity and HRQL outcomes were considered secondarily. Analyses, by aim, relied on Cox proportional hazards regression, repeated measures logistic regression, propensity score matching and multivariable logistic regression. CONCLUSION: The POST's findings are anticipated to provide evidence regarding the prognostic capabilities of the NESMS as well as that of other popular grading schemes for survival, post-treatment complications and physical as well as mental function.

Subject

decision making; Spinal metastases; NESMS; POST; predictive score

Identifier

PMID: 31712164

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

ISSN

1878-1632

Citation

Schoenfeld Andrew J; Blucher Justin A; Barton Lauren B; Schwab Joseph H; Balboni Tracy A; Chi John H; Shin John H; Kang James D; Harris Mitchel B; Ferrone Marco L, “Design of the Prospective Observational Study of spinal metastasis Treatment (POST),” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 12, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/10817.

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