What Gets Measured in Reentry Research? A Scoping Review on Community Reentry From Jail and Prison for Persons With Mental Illnesses

Title

What Gets Measured in Reentry Research? A Scoping Review on Community Reentry From Jail and Prison for Persons With Mental Illnesses

Creator

Barrenger SL; Kriegel L; Canada KE; Blank Wilson A

Publisher

Criminal Justice And Behavior

Date

2021
2021-03

Description

Research on reentry for individuals with mental illnesses leaving jails and prisons lacks outcome specificity and standardization needed to advance knowledge about the efficacy and effectiveness of interventions. This scoping review aims to provide clarity about reentry outcomes by: (a) ascertaining what outcomes are a focus in reentry research, (b) explicating how outcomes are defined, and (c) identifying commonalities or gaps in outcomes reported. A search of multiple databases yielded 415 articles for potential inclusion. After independent document review by two of the authors, 61 articles were included in the review. Recidivism was the most used construct, accounting for 58% of total outcomes and 95% of criminal legal outcomes. Behavioral health indicators were reported the second most frequently and other outcomes were rarely reported. Increasing the specificity of commonly used concepts while also expanding the breadth of outcomes considered is needed to build an evidence base this area of research.

Subject

recidivism; MENTAL illness; HEALTH status indicators; COMMUNITIES; scoping review; IMPRISONMENT; jail reentry; mental illnesses; PRISON psychology; prison reentry; PRISONS; RECIDIVISM

Format

journalArticle

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

259-273

Issue

3

Volume

48

ISSN

0093-8548

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Psychiatry

Update Year & Number

March 2021 List

Citation

Barrenger SL; Kriegel L; Canada KE; Blank Wilson A, “What Gets Measured in Reentry Research? A Scoping Review on Community Reentry From Jail and Prison for Persons With Mental Illnesses,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed May 7, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11584.

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