Does birth weight affect neonatal body weight, growth, and physiology in an animal model?

Title

Does birth weight affect neonatal body weight, growth, and physiology in an animal model?

Creator

Adjerid K; Mayerl CJ; Gould FDH; Edmonds CE; Stricklen BM; Bond LE; German RZ

Publisher

PLOS One

Date

2021
2021-02-16

Description

Birth weight is an important predictor of neuromotor and physiological performance in early perinatal development of mammals [1–4]. Our knowledge of the impact of birth weight on growth and performance falls into two broad categories of research. First, studies have examined the relationship between birth weight and locomotor performance of neuromuscular systems within the first days of postnatal development. For example, Vanden Hole and colleagues specifically focused on detailed relationships of muscular development and force generation as a function of birth weight using newborn infant pigs [1, 3]. They found that lower birth weight in these mammalian infant resulted in a reduced chemical, neuromuscular, and biomechanical ability to generate force for locomotion [1–4]. However, the longitudinal effects of how low birth weight may impact systems outside of locomotion, including those related to feeding, is unknown.

Rights

Copyright: © 2021 Adjerid et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Format

Journal Article

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology

Update Year & Number

Jan to Aug list 2021

Citation

Adjerid K; Mayerl CJ; Gould FDH; Edmonds CE; Stricklen BM; Bond LE; German RZ, “Does birth weight affect neonatal body weight, growth, and physiology in an animal model?,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 24, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11830.

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