Assessment of emergency medicine residents' computer knowledge and computer skills: time for an upgrade?

Title

Assessment of emergency medicine residents' computer knowledge and computer skills: time for an upgrade?

Creator

Jwayyed Sharhabeel; Park Tammy K; Blanda Michelle; Wilber Scott T; Gerson Lowell W; Meerbaum Sharon O; Beeson Michael S

Publisher

Academic emergency medicine : official journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine

Date

2002
2002-02

Description

OBJECTIVE: To describe emergency medicine residents' (EMRs') personal computer (PC) use and educational needs and to compare their perceived and actual PC skills. METHODS: This was a prospective, cross-sectional study. Subjects were all EMRs at seven midwestern Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) residency programs. The EMRs completed a questionnaire about their PC use and ability to perform 23 tasks derived from two national retail-training programs. The tasks covered word processing, slide making, and Internet use. The EMRs then took a three-part test performing the skills in the questionnaire. Two independent raters scored the tests. Frequencies with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) were calculated for categorical data. Positive and negative predictive values were used to report information comparing residents' performance with their self-assessment of skills. Cohen's kappa was used to test agreement between raters. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-four of 158 (79%) eligible EMRs participated. Since not all participants engaged in all parts of the study, the sample size varies between 121 and 124. One hundred one of 122 (83%; 95% CI = 75 to 89) owned a PC. The EMRs use home PCs a mean of 3.8 hours/week for physician duties and use residency PCs 1.9 hours/week (range 0-20). Ninety-six of 122 (79%; 95% CI = 70 to 86) EMRs reported no formal PC training during residency. Thirty-five percent (43/122; 95% CI = 27 to 44) passed the word-processing test and 50% (62/123; 95% CI = 41 to 60) passed the slide-making test. Reasons for failure were because of errors and not having a presentable product. Thirty-eight of 122 (31%; 95% CI = 23 to 40) failed the literature search, including 33 who said they could perform it. One hundred fifteen of 123 (94%; 95% CI = 88 to 98) EMRs were able to find an Internet address, including ten who stated they could not. Twenty-one percent of the residents who attempted any test (26/124; 95% CI = 14 to 29) passed all three tests. There was no association between year of training and success on the tests (p = 0.374). Thirty-seven of 115 (32%; 95% CI = 24 to 42) EMRs said they had insufficient PC training to meet their physician needs. CONCLUSIONS: Emergency medicine residents have much access to computer technology and possess some computer skills; however, many are unable to produce a usable product or conduct a literature search. Emergency medicine residents have not had sufficient computer training prior to residency. The computer skills of EMRs should be assessed through skills testing rather than self-assessment, and computer training during residency should be improved.

Subject

*Computer Literacy; *Internship and Residency/statistics & numerical data; Computer User Training; Computers/*statistics & numerical data; Cross-Sectional Studies; Emergency Medicine/*education; Humans; Prospective Studies; Surveys and Questionnaires; Task Performance and Analysis

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

138–145

Issue

2

Volume

9

Citation

Jwayyed Sharhabeel; Park Tammy K; Blanda Michelle; Wilber Scott T; Gerson Lowell W; Meerbaum Sharon O; Beeson Michael S, “Assessment of emergency medicine residents' computer knowledge and computer skills: time for an upgrade?,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 25, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4473.

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