Pomegranate Bioactive Constituents Suppress Cell Proliferation and Induce Apoptosis in an Experimental Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Role of Wnt/ beta -Catenin Signaling Pathway.

Title

Pomegranate Bioactive Constituents Suppress Cell Proliferation and Induce Apoptosis in an Experimental Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Role of Wnt/ beta -Catenin Signaling Pathway.

Creator

Bhatia Deepak; Thoppil Roslin J; Mandal Animesh; Samtani Karishma A; Darvesh Altaf S; Bishayee Anupam

Publisher

Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM

Date

2013
1905-07

Description

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide, and chemoprevention represents a viable approach in lowering the mortality of this disease. Pomegranate fruit, an abundant source of anti-inflammatory phytochemicals, is gaining tremendous attention for its wide-spectrum health benefits. We previously reported that a characterized pomegranate emulsion (PE) prevents diethylnitrosamine (DENA)-induced rat hepatocarcinogenesis though inhibition of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF- kappa B). Since NF- kappa B concurrently induces Wnt/ beta -catenin signaling implicated in cell proliferation, cell survival, and apoptosis evasion, we examined antiproliferative, apoptosis-inducing and Wnt/ beta -catenin signaling-modulatory mechanisms of PE during DENA rat hepatocarcinogenesis. PE (1 or 10 g/kg) was administered 4 weeks before and 18 weeks following DENA exposure. There was a significant increase in hepatic proliferation (proliferating cell nuclear antigen) and alteration in cell cycle progression (cyclin D1) due to DENA treatment, and PE dose dependently reversed these effects. PE substantially induced apoptosis by upregulating proapoptotic protein Bax and downregulating antiapoptotic protein Bcl-2. PE dose dependently reduced hepatic beta -catenin and augmented glycogen synthase kinase-3 beta expression. Our study provides evidence that pomegranate phytochemicals exert chemoprevention of hepatic cancer through antiproliferative and proapoptotic mechanisms by modulating Wnt/ beta -catenin signaling. PE, thus, targets two interconnected molecular circuits (canonical NF- kappa B and Wnt/ beta -catenin pathways) to exert chemoprevention of HCC.

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

371813–371813

Volume

2013

Citation

Bhatia Deepak; Thoppil Roslin J; Mandal Animesh; Samtani Karishma A; Darvesh Altaf S; Bishayee Anupam, “Pomegranate Bioactive Constituents Suppress Cell Proliferation and Induce Apoptosis in an Experimental Model of Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Role of Wnt/ beta -Catenin Signaling Pathway.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed September 21, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4693.

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