Gill Prabhcharan; Van Hook MD James W
Normal labor is characterized by regular and painful uterine contractions that conclude in progressive in labor. A discussion on abnormal labor patterns is reviewed as abnormalities of the first stage (cervical dilation to complete cervical dilation) and the second stage (descent of the presenting part leading to delivery of the baby). The third stage of labor describes expulsion of the placenta. An overview of labor abnormalities encompasses all the stages of labor. First and second-stage abnormalities are described either as protraction disorders (which means that delivery is progressing but is lower than normal) or as arrest disorders (complete cessation in progress). Abnormal third-stage labor meriting intervention is placenta retention beyond 30 minutes, as most third stages are concluded within the first 10 to 20 minutes of delivery.
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NEOMED College of Medicine
Department of Obstetrics & Gynecology
Gill Prabhcharan; Van Hook MD James W, “Abnormal Labor,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 22, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6330.