Effectiveness of computed tomography scanning to detect blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries requiring surgical intervention: A systematic literature review

Title

Effectiveness of computed tomography scanning to detect blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries requiring surgical intervention: A systematic literature review

Creator

Abdel-Aziz Hiba; Dunham C Michael

Publisher

American Journal of Surgery

Date

2019
2019-07

Description

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) diagnostic accuracy for blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries (BBMI) is controversial. DATA SOURCES: A literature review to compute aggregate CT performance and individual CT sign sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value (PPV) for operative BBMI. CONCLUSIONS: Sensitivity, specificity, and PPV were: overall CT performance 85.3%, 96.1%, 51.4%; abnormal wall enhancement 30.1%, 95.7%, 64.0%; bowel wall discontinuity 22.3%, 99.0%, 87.9%; bowel wall hematoma 22.5%, 100%, 19.5%; bowel wall thickening 35.2%, 96.5%, 32.1%; free air 32.0%, 98.7%, 57.1%; free fluid 65.6%, 85.0%, 25.5%; mesenteric air 27.6%, 99.1%, 85.3%; mesenteric extravasation 22.9%, 99.6%, 73.9%; mesenteric hematoma/fluid 33.9%, 98.7%, 52.8%; mesenteric stranding/streaking 34.3%, 91.8%, 31.6%; mesenteric vessel beading 32.1%, 97.2%, 60.4%; mesenteric vessel termination 31.6%, 97.2%, 63.5%; oral contrast extravasation 10.0%, 100%, 100%; retroperitoneal air 9.4%, 94.9%, 55.6%; and retroperitoneal fluid 44.2%, 49.4%, 38.5%. Sensitivity, specificity, and PPV vary substantially among known signs. Other clinical factors are necessary for comprehensive BBMI identification.

Subject

Abdominal computed tomography; Computed tomography performance; Diagnostic accuracy; Hollow viscus injury; Mesenteric injury

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

201-210

Issue

1

Volume

218

Citation

Abdel-Aziz Hiba; Dunham C Michael, “Effectiveness of computed tomography scanning to detect blunt bowel and mesenteric injuries requiring surgical intervention: A systematic literature review,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 20, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6347.

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