Mental Illness as a Stigmatized Identity

Title

Mental Illness as a Stigmatized Identity

Creator

Marcussen K; Gallagher M; Ritter C

Publisher

Society and Mental Health

Date

2019
2019-07

Description

In this study, we examine the relationships among reflected appraisals, self-views, and well-being for individuals diagnosed with severe and persistent mental illness. We also test a perceptual control model of identity to determine whether discrepancies between stigmatized reflected appraisals and stigmatized self-views are associated with self-evaluation (self-esteem and self-efficacy) and psychological distress (depressive symptoms). We find that stigmatized self-views are significantly associated with lower self-esteem and self-efficacy and higher levels of depressive symptoms. Stigmatized reflected appraisals are also associated with lower self-efficacy and higher depressive symptoms but are not associated with self-esteem. As predicted, discrepancies between reflected appraisals and self-views are associated with lower levels of self-efficacy and higher levels of depressive symptoms; however, we do not find a relationship between identity discrepancy and self-esteem. We discuss the implications of our findings for identity and stigma research.

Subject

appraisals; discrepancy; disorders; identity; internalized stigma; mental illness; modified labeling theory; people; reflected; self-esteem; Sociology; stigma

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

211-227

Issue

2

Volume

9

Citation

Marcussen K; Gallagher M; Ritter C, “Mental Illness as a Stigmatized Identity,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed April 11, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/6477.

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