Proximal and distal predictors of AIDS risk behaviors among inner-city African American and European American women

Title

Proximal and distal predictors of AIDS risk behaviors among inner-city African American and European American women

Creator

Schroder K E E; Hobfoll S E; Jackson A P; Lavin J

Publisher

Journal of Health Psychology

Date

2001
2001-03

Description

AIDS risk behavior and attitudes towards safer sex were studied in a sample of 666 African American and 626 European American women. Condom use, AIDS-related knowledge, risk perception, self-efficacy beliefs, attitudes and perceived partner attitudes, and an assertive coping style were analyzed with regard to mean differences and predictive power in both ethnic groups. Compared to European American women, African American women had less knowledge and lower self-efficacy beliefs towards safer sex behavior, but they perceived themselves to be at more risk and reported greater condom use. Further, ethnicity was found to moderate the effects of the psychological predictors on safer sex behavior. This moderator effect was tested using a structural equation modeling design. In both groups, risk perception was the strongest predictor of condom use. Among African American women, social-cognitive barriers (e.g. low self-efficacy beliefs, negative attitude towards condom use) worked as a second predictor and mediator of the effects of risk perception on condom use. In contrast, among European American women, social-cognitive factors had no effect on condom use. In general, prediction of safer sex behavior was stronger among African American women.

Subject

AIDS risk; attitudes; condom use; ethnic differences; health behavior; intervention; knowledge; model; perceptions; Psychology; safer sex; self-efficacy; social norms; stress

Format

Journal Article

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

169-190

Issue

2

Volume

6

Citation

Schroder K E E; Hobfoll S E; Jackson A P; Lavin J, “Proximal and distal predictors of AIDS risk behaviors among inner-city African American and European American women,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed July 30, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/7116.

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