Stimulation of Coronary Collateral Growth by Granulocyte Stimulating Factor Role of Reactive Oxygen Species

Title

Stimulation of Coronary Collateral Growth by Granulocyte Stimulating Factor Role of Reactive Oxygen Species

Creator

Carrao A C R; Chilian W M; Yun J; Kolz C; Rocic P; Lehmann K; van den Wijngaard Jphm; van Horssen P; Spaan J A E; Ohanyan V; Pung Y F; Buschmann I

Publisher

Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology

Date

2009
2009-11

Description

Objective-The purpose of this study was to determine whether G-CSF promotes coronary collateral growth (CCG) and decipher the mechanism for this stimulation. Methods and Results-In a rat model of repetitive episodic myocardial ischemia (RI, 40 seconds LAD occlusion every 20 minutes for 2 hours and 20 minutes, 3 times/d for 5 days) CCG was deduced from collateral-dependent flow (flow to LAD region during occlusion). After RI, G-CSF (100 mu g/kg/d) increased CCG (P < 0.01) (0.47 +/- 0.15) versus vehicle (0.14 +/- 0.06). Surprisingly, G-CSF treatment without RI increased CCG (0.57 +/- 0.18) equal to G-CSF + RI. We evaluated ROS by dihydroethidine (DHE) fluorescence (LV injection, 60 mu g/kg, during two episodes of ischemia). DHE fluorescence was double in G-CSF + RI versus vehicle + RI (P < 0.01), and even higher in G-CSF without RI (P < 0.01). Interestingly, the DHE signal did not colocalize with myeloperoxidase (immunostaining, neutrophil marker) but appeared in cardiac myocytes. The study of isolated cardiac myocytes revealed the cytokine stimulates ROS which elicit production of angiogenic factors. Apocynin inhibited G-CSF effects both in vivo and in vitro. Conclusions-G-CSF stimulates ROS production directly in cardiomyocytes, which plays a pivotal role in triggering adaptations of the heart to ischemia including growth of the coronary collaterals. (Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 2009; 29: 1817-1822.)

Subject

ischemia; ROS; cardiomyocytes; receptor; Cardiovascular System & Cardiology; endothelial progenitor cells; expression; Hematology; activation; angiotensin-ii; neutrophils; neovascularization; bone-marrow; coronary collateral circulation; G-CSF; G-CSF

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

1817-1822

Issue

11

Volume

29

Citation

Carrao A C R; Chilian W M; Yun J; Kolz C; Rocic P; Lehmann K; van den Wijngaard Jphm; van Horssen P; Spaan J A E; Ohanyan V; Pung Y F; Buschmann I, “Stimulation of Coronary Collateral Growth by Granulocyte Stimulating Factor Role of Reactive Oxygen Species,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed November 30, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8811.

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