Human herpesvirus 6-related fulminant myocarditis and hepatitis in an immunocompetent adult with fatal outcome

Title

Human herpesvirus 6-related fulminant myocarditis and hepatitis in an immunocompetent adult with fatal outcome

Creator

Chang Y L; Parker M E; Nuovo G; Miller J B

Publisher

Human Pathology

Date

2009
2009-05

Description

A 59-year-old previously healthy man had flulike symptoms of fever and diarrhea for a week, which worsened despite treatment with antibiotics. After admission, his medical condition rapidly deteriorated with renal failure, heart failure, and a marked increase of aspartate aminotransferase, alanine aminotransferase, and lactate dehydrogenase. The patient died of a cardiac arrhythmia 3 days after the admission. The autopsy showed diffuse myocarditis with a granulocytic and monocytic infiltrate, necrotizing arteritis of the coronary arteries, and fulminant hepatitis, with microvesicular steatosis and necrosis. Cell-free serum showed high copies of human herpesvirus 6 B variant DNA by polymerase chain reaction. Human herpesvirus 6 B was identified in the heart, liver, lung, and spleen by immunohistochemistry. No parvovirus B19 was evident in the heart by immunohistochemistry. Human herpesvirus 6 is increasingly found in association with myocarditis in immunocompromised patients; however, histopathologic features and the clinical severity of this disease have not yet been clearly defined. Only 4 to 5 cases of human herpesvirus 6 fulminant myocarditis have been reported, all in young children or immunosuppressed patients. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case in the English literature of human herpesvirus 6 fulminant myocarditis and hepatitis in an immunocompetent adult with a fatal outcome. In addition, several pathologic features of our case have not been previously reported. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Subject

Pathology; infection; Arteritis; Fulminant hepatitis; HHV-6; Myocarditis

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

740-745

Issue

5

Volume

40

Citation

Chang Y L; Parker M E; Nuovo G; Miller J B, “Human herpesvirus 6-related fulminant myocarditis and hepatitis in an immunocompetent adult with fatal outcome,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 19, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8855.

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