Excess no predisposes mitochondrial succinate-cytochrome c reductase to produce hydroxyl radical

Title

Excess no predisposes mitochondrial succinate-cytochrome c reductase to produce hydroxyl radical

Creator

Chen J F; Chen C L; Alevriadou B R; Zweier J L; Chen Y R

Publisher

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta-Bioenergetics

Date

2011
2011-05

Description

Mitochondria-derived oxygen-free radical(s) are important mediators of oxidative cellular injury. It is widely hypothesized that excess NO enhances O(2)(center dot-) generated by mitochondria under certain pathological conditions. In the mitochondrial electron transport chain, succinate-cytochrome c reductase (SCR) catalyzes the electron transfer reaction from succinate to cytochrome c. To gain the insights into the molecular mechanism of how NO overproduction may mediate the oxygen-free radical generation by SCR, we employed isolated SCR, cardiac myoblast H9c2, and endothelial cells to study the interaction of NO with SCR in vitro and ex vivo. Under the conditions of enzyme turnover in the presence of NO donor (DEANO), SCR gained pro-oxidant function for generating hydroxyl radical as detected by EPR spin trapping using DEPMPO. The EPR signal associated with DEPMPO/(center dot)OH adduct was nearly completely abolished in the presence of catalase or an iron chelator and partially inhibited by SOD, suggesting the involvement of the iron-H(2)O(2)-dependent Fenton reaction or O(2)(center dot-)-dependent Haber-Weiss mechanism. Direct EPR measurement of SCR at 77 K indicated the formation of a nonheme iron-NO complex, implying that electron leakage to molecular oxygen was enhanced at the FAD cofactor, and that excess NO predisposed SCR to produce (center dot)OH. In H9c2 cells, SCR-dependent oxygen-free radical generation was stimulated by NO released from DEANO or produced by the cells following exposure to hypoxia/reoxygenation. With shear exposure that led to overproduction of NO by the endothelium, SCR-mediated oxygen-free radical production was also detected in cultured vascular endothelial cells. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Subject

Mitochondria; Biophysics; oxygen; Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; nitric-oxide synthase; reactive; smooth-muscle-cells; endothelial-cells; reperfusion injury; EPR; postischemic heart; complex-ii; Electron transport chain; electron-transport; Hydroxyl radical; NO; oxygen-free radicals; SCR; spin trapping; superoxide generation

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

491-502

Issue

5

Volume

1807

Citation

Chen J F; Chen C L; Alevriadou B R; Zweier J L; Chen Y R, “Excess no predisposes mitochondrial succinate-cytochrome c reductase to produce hydroxyl radical,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 17, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8867.

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