Prostate Cancer: Diagnostic Performance of Real-time Shear-Wave Elastography

Title

Prostate Cancer: Diagnostic Performance of Real-time Shear-Wave Elastography

Creator

Correas J M; Tissier A M; Khairoune A; Vassiliu V; Mejean A; Helenon O; Memo R; Barr R G

Publisher

Radiology

Date

2015
2015-04

Description

Purpose: To prospectively evaluate the performance of real-time ultrasonographic (US) shear-wave elastography (SWE) in the diagnosis of peripheral zone prostate cancer in patients with high and/or increasing prostate-specific antigen levels and/or abnormal digital rectal examination results. Materials and Methods: After signing an informed consent form, men referred for transrectal prostate biopsy were enrolled in this prospective HIPAA-compliant two-center study, which was conducted with institutional review board approval. Transrectal US SWE of the prostate was performed after a conventional transrectal US examination and immediately before US-guided 12-core sextant biopsy. For each sextant, the maximum SWE value was measured and matched to the pathologic results of that sextant biopsy. The diagnostic performance of SWE was assessed at both patient and sextant levels. The elasticity value maximizing the Youden index was used to derive sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV). Results: The elasticity values were matched to pathologic results for a total of 1040 peripheral zone sextants in 184 men. One hundred twenty-nine positive biopsy findings (size,. 3 mm; Gleason score,. 6) were identified in 68 patients. The sextant-level sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for SWE with a cutoff of 35 kPa for differentiating benign from malignant lesions were 96% (95% confidence interval [CI]: 95%, 97%), 85% (95% CI: 83%, 87%), 48% (95% CI: 46%, 50%), 99% (95% CI: 98%, 100%), and 95% (95% CI: 93%, 97%), respectively. Conclusion: Use of a 35-kPa threshold at SWE may provide additional information for the detection and biopsy guidance of prostate cancer, enabling a substantial reduction in the number of biopsies while ensuring that few peripheral zone adenocarcinomas are missed. (C) RSNA, 2014

Subject

ultrasound; guidelines; ultrasonography; Radiology; elasticity; Nuclear Medicine & Medical Imaging; localization; risk; predictors; radical prostatectomy; biopsy; contrast-enhanced mri

Format

Journal Article or Conference Abstract Publication

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Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

280-289

Issue

1

Volume

275

Citation

Correas J M; Tissier A M; Khairoune A; Vassiliu V; Mejean A; Helenon O; Memo R; Barr R G, “Prostate Cancer: Diagnostic Performance of Real-time Shear-Wave Elastography,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 24, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/8973.

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