Evidence for independent peripheral and central age-related hearing impairment.

Title

Evidence for independent peripheral and central age-related hearing impairment.

Creator

Bao Jianxin; Yu Yan; Li Hui; Hawks John; Szatkowski Grace; Dade Bethany; Wang Hao; Liu Peng; Brutnell Thomas; Spehar Brent; Tye-Murray Nancy

Publisher

Journal of neuroscience research

Date

2020
2020-05-16

Description

Deleterious age-related changes in the central auditory nervous system have been referred to as central age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) or central presbycusis. Central ARHI is often assumed to be the consequence of peripheral ARHI. However, it is possible that certain aspects of central ARHI are independent from peripheral ARHI. A confirmation of this possibility could lead to significant improvements in current rehabilitation practices. The major difficulty in addressing this issue arises from confounding factors, such as other age-related changes in both the cochlea and central non-auditory brain structures. Because gap detection is a common measure of central auditory temporal processing, and gap detection thresholds are less influenced by changes in other brain functions such as learning and memory, we investigated the potential relationship between age-related peripheral hearing loss (i.e., audiograms) and age-related changes in gap detection. Consistent with previous studies, a significant difference was found for gap detection thresholds between young and older adults. However, among older adults, no significant associations were observed between gap detection ability and several other independent variables including the pure tone audiogram average, the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Vocabulary score, gender, and age. Statistical analyses showed little or no contributions from these independent variables to gap detection thresholds. Thus, our data indicate that age-related decline in central temporal processing is largely independent of peripheral ARHI.

Subject

age-related hearing impairment; central presbycusis; deficits; frequency; peripheral hearing loss; peripheral hearing loss; sensitivity; temporal processing; temporal-gap detection; thresholds

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

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ISSN

1097-4547 0360-4012

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology

Update Year & Number

June 2020 Update II

Citation

Bao Jianxin; Yu Yan; Li Hui; Hawks John; Szatkowski Grace; Dade Bethany; Wang Hao; Liu Peng; Brutnell Thomas; Spehar Brent; Tye-Murray Nancy, “Evidence for independent peripheral and central age-related hearing impairment.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed October 16, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11100.

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