Hypothalamic paraventricular axons projecting to the female rat lumbosacral spinal cord contain oxytocin immunoreactivity.

Title

Hypothalamic paraventricular axons projecting to the female rat lumbosacral spinal cord contain oxytocin immunoreactivity.

Creator

Puder B A; Papka R E

Publisher

Journal of neuroscience research

Date

2001
2001-04

Description

Oxytocin-containing axons project from the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus to the neurohypophysis and thoracic spinal cord to ultimately influence uterine contractions and autonomic activity, respectively. Whether or not oxytocin-immunoreactive axons project to the female rat lumbosacral spinal cord to influence autonomic outflow to pelvic organs has not been investigated. Thus, the present study was designed to investigate the presence, distribution, and origin of oxytocin-immunoreactive axons in the female rat lumbosacral spinal cord. Immunohistochemistry, spinal cord transections, and axonal tracing with Fluorogold, True Blue, and pseudorabies virus were used. Oxytocin-immunoreactive nerve fibers were present in the L6/S1 segments of the spinal cord. Prominent varicose axons were evident throughout the dorsal horn, along the lateral and medial collateral pathways, in the dorsal intermediate gray area, around the central canal in lamina X, and throughout the sacral parasympathetic nucleus. Injection of retrograde tracer into the L6/S1 spinal cord labeled neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. Transection of the thoracic spinal cord eliminated oxytocin-immunoreactive nerve axons in the L6/S1 spinal cord. In addition, transection of the thoracic spinal cord eliminated transport of retrograde axonal tracer from the L6/S1 spinal cord to the paraventricular nucleus. Pseudorabies virus, a transneuronal retrograde tracer, injected into the uterus and cervix marked uterine-related preganglionic neuronal cell bodies in the sacral parasympathetic nucleus and uterine-related neurons in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus. Double immuno-labeling of viral-infected spinal cord sections showed oxytocin-immunoreactive axons closely associated with viral labeled uterine-related preganglionic cell bodies of the sacral parasympathetic nucleus. The results of this study revealed that oxytocin-immunoreactive neurons of the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus project axons to the lumbosacral spinal cord to areas involved in sensory processing and parasympathetic outflow to the uterus.

Subject

*Synaptic Transmission; Animals; Axons/*physiology; Female; Immunohistochemistry; Lumbosacral Region; Nerve Fibers/metabolism/physiology; Oxytocin/*metabolism; Paraventricular Hypothalamic Nucleus/*physiology; Rats; Spinal Cord/*physiology; Sprague-Dawley

Identifier

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

53–60

Issue

1

Volume

64

Citation

Puder B A; Papka R E, “Hypothalamic paraventricular axons projecting to the female rat lumbosacral spinal cord contain oxytocin immunoreactivity.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 27, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/3058.

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