Daily exercise and gender influence postexercise cardiac autonomic responses in hypertensive rats.

Title

Daily exercise and gender influence postexercise cardiac autonomic responses in hypertensive rats.

Creator

Chen Y; Chandler M P; DiCarlo S E

Publisher

The American journal of physiology

Date

1997
1997-03

Description

The influence of daily spontaneous running (DSR) and gender on postexercise cardiac autonomic responses was examined in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Rats were weaned at 4-5 wk of age and were randomly assigned to a sedentary (7 males and 6 females) or DSR (7 males and 8 females) group. After 8 weeks of DSR or sedentary control, rats were chronically instrumented with arterial and venous catheters. After 5 days of recovery, cardiac sympathetic (ST) and parasympathetic tonus (PT) were determined (by the response of heart rate to receptor antagonists) on alternate days under two experimental conditions: no exercise and postexercise. After a single bout of dynamic treadmill exercise (12 m/min, 10% grade for 40 min) ST was reduced (P \textless 0.05) (male sedentary: no exercise 45 +/- 4 vs. postexercise 28 +/- 3 beats/min; female sedentary: no exercise 69 +/- 10 vs. postexercise 37 +/- 7 beats/ min). PT was also altered after exercise (male sedentary: no exercise -31 +/- 4 vs. postexercise -11 +/- 2 beats/min; female sedentary: no exercise -5 +/- 4 vs. postexercise 7 +/- 4 beats/min). After DSR, ST was reduced (male sedentary 45 +/- 4 vs. DSR 22 +/- 3 beats/min; female sedentary 69 +/- 10 vs. DSR 36 +/- 4 beats/min) (P \textless 0.05). Finally, male rats had a lower ST and higher PT than female rats. These results demonstrate that 1) ST was reduced after a single bout of dynamic exercise; 2) ST was reduced after DSR; 3) the autonomic response to acute exercise was attenuated after DSR; and 4) there was a gender influence on the cardiac autonomic function.

Subject

*Physical Conditioning; Animal; Animals; Atropine Derivatives/pharmacology; Autonomic Nervous System/drug effects/*physiopathology; Exercise Test; Female; Heart Rate/*drug effects; Heart/*innervation; Hypertension/genetics/*physiopathology; Inbred SHR; Male; Metoprolol/pharmacology; Nitroglycerin/pharmacology; Phenylephrine/pharmacology; Rats; Running; Sex Characteristics; Sympathetic Nervous System/drug effects/*physiopathology; Weight Loss

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

H1412–1418

Issue

3

Volume

272

Citation

Chen Y; Chandler M P; DiCarlo S E, “Daily exercise and gender influence postexercise cardiac autonomic responses in hypertensive rats.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed August 5, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4619.

Social Bookmarking