Impact of recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion on oropharyngeal muscle activity and sensorimotor integration in an infant pig model.

Title

Impact of recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion on oropharyngeal muscle activity and sensorimotor integration in an infant pig model.

Creator

DeLozier Katherine R; Gould Francois D H; Ohlemacher Jocelyn; Thexton Allan J; German Rebecca Z

Publisher

Journal of applied physiology (Bethesda, Md. : 1985)

Date

2018
2018-07

Description

The successful performance of a swallow requires dynamic integration between a wide range of sensory inputs and muscle activities to produce the coordinated kinematics of oropharyngeal structures. Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) produces dysphagia in infants, with food or liquid entering the airway despite this nerve having minimal direct sensory or motor connections to the act of swallowing, apart from vocal fold closure. Previous results have demonstrated that a complete RLN lesion disrupts both performance and kinematics before initiation of the pharyngeal swallow in infants. We tested the hypothesis that a RLN lesion produces changes in the normal activity of oral floor, tongue, and infrahyoid muscles during a swallow. We recorded swallowing in our validated infant pig model, with synchronous high-speed imaging and fine-wire, chronic electromyography. We found changes in the timing, duration, and amplitude of the motor pattern in an array of muscles that are supplied by several different cranial and cervical nerves. Some of these changes in muscle activity are associated with the preparatory aspects of bolus aggregation or movement and so occur before the pharyngeal swallow. Taken with previous biomechanical results, these patterns suggest an intricate brain stem sensorimotor integration that occurs as part of a swallow. In particular, the execution of oral motor function is changed as a result of this simple lesion. NEW & NOTEWORTHY Damage to the recurrent laryngeal nerve compromises swallowing despite an absent or minimal contribution to either the motor or sensory aspects of this function. This study documents EMG changes, following RLN lesion, to non-RLN innervated muscles that are active during swallowing in an infant model. Some of these muscles fire before the pharyngeal swallow and are associated with the preparatory aspects of bolus aggregation and movement, suggesting important sensorimotor integration at a brain stem level.

Subject

deglutition; electromyography RLN; sensorimotor integration; swallowing

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

159–166

Issue

1

Volume

125

Citation

DeLozier Katherine R; Gould Francois D H; Ohlemacher Jocelyn; Thexton Allan J; German Rebecca Z, “Impact of recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion on oropharyngeal muscle activity and sensorimotor integration in an infant pig model.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed August 2, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4663.

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