Developmental and genetic influences upon gender differences in methamphetamine-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurotoxicity.

Title

Developmental and genetic influences upon gender differences in methamphetamine-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurotoxicity.

Creator

Dluzen Dean E; McDermott Janet L

Publisher

Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences

Date

2004
2004-10

Description

The gonadal steroid hormone estrogen (E) may play an important role in sex differences in methamphetamine (MA)-induced neurotoxicity of the nigrostriatal dopaminergic (NSDA) system because E can serve as a neuroprotectant in female, but not male, mice. Gonadal steroid hormones also exert important organizational/developmental effects upon the brain at critical developmental periods. In Part 1 we assessed whether organizational (neonatal) or developmental (prepubertal) effects of gonadal steroids would alter gender/E-dependent neuroprotection of MA-induced NSDA neurotoxicity. Attempts to feminize male mice by gonadectomy at either the neonatal or prepubertal period failed to enable E to function as a neuroprotectant within the adult male mouse. Attempts to masculinize the female by testosterone administration at the neonatal period did not abolish the capacity for E to function as a neuroprotectant. However, prepubertal gonadectomy of female mice did disrupt E's capacity to serve as a neuroprotectant. These results suggest that genetic sex may prove the primary determinant for the sex differences observed in response to MA-induced NSDA neurotoxicity. In Part 2 we examined whether gender differences in response to

Subject

*Sex Characteristics; Animals; Corpus Striatum/*drug effects/growth & development/metabolism; Dopamine/*metabolism; Female; Humans; Male; Methamphetamine/*toxicity; Substantia Nigra/*drug effects/growth & development/metabolism

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Pages

205–220

Volume

1025

Citation

Dluzen Dean E; McDermott Janet L, “Developmental and genetic influences upon gender differences in methamphetamine-induced nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurotoxicity.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed June 29, 2022, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/4883.

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