Muscle activity and kinematics show different responses to recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion in mammal swallowing.

Title

Muscle activity and kinematics show different responses to recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion in mammal swallowing.

Creator

Gould FDH;Lammers Andrew R;Mayerl CJ;Ohlemacher J;German RZ

Publisher

Journal Of Neurophysiology

Date

2020
2020-09-23

Description

Understanding the interactions between neural and musculoskeletal systems is key to identifying mechanisms of functional failure. Mammalian swallowing is a complex, poorly understood motor process. Lesion of the recurrent laryngeal nerve, a sensory and motor nerve of the upper airway, results in airway protection failure (liquid entry into the airway) during swallowing through an unknown mechanism. We examined how muscle and kinematic changes after recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion relate to airway protection in eight infant pigs. We tested two hypotheses: 1) Kinematics and muscle function will both change in response to lesion in swallows with and without airway protection failure 2) Differences in both kinematics and muscle function will predict whether airway protection failure occurs in lesion and intact pigs. We recorded swallowing with high speed videofluoroscopy and simultaneous electromyography of oropharyngeal muscles pre- and post-recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion. Lesion changed the relationship between airway protection and timing of tongue and hyoid movements. Changes in onset and duration of hyolaryngeal muscles post-lesion were less associated with airway protection outcomes. The tongue and hyoid kinematics all predicted airway protection outcomes differently pre and post-lesion. Onset and duration of activity of activity in only one infrahyoid and one suprahyoid muscle showed a change in predictive relationship pre- and post-lesion. Kinematics of the tongue and hyoid more directly reflect changes in airway protection s pre and post lesion than muscle activation patterns. Identifying mechanisms of airway protection failure requires specific functional hypotheses that link neural motor outputs to muscle activation to specific movements.

Subject

Swallowing; aspiration; variation; neuromuscular function

Rights

Article information provided for research and reference use only. All rights are retained by the journal listed under publisher and/or the creator(s).

Format

journalArticle

Search for Full-text

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ISSN

1522-1598

NEOMED College

NEOMED College of Medicine

NEOMED Department

Department of Anatomy & Neurobiology
NEOMED Postdoc Publications

Update Year & Number

September 2020 List

Citation

Gould FDH;Lammers Andrew R;Mayerl CJ;Ohlemacher J;German RZ, “Muscle activity and kinematics show different responses to recurrent laryngeal nerve lesion in mammal swallowing.,” NEOMED Bibliography Database, accessed January 17, 2021, https://neomed.omeka.net/items/show/11281.

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